Employing mature psychological adaptations for

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Employing mature psychological adaptations; for example, using humor in adverse times, being altruistic, and suppressing desire in favor of self-care Getting a college education Maintaining a stable marriage or relationships or both; for example, having good sibling relationships is a powerful source of support Not smoking Not abusing alcohol or drugs Exercising; exercising in college tends to predict wellness in later life Maintaining a healthy weight Holistic sexuality plays an important role in creating and maintaining a stable marriage or other type of sexual relationship. Additionally, developing intimate friends—coming to know another's heart and mind— enables people to cope better with the challenges of later life. For some people, men especially, that person may be their female partner. For others, it may be childhood or college friends, siblings, or colleagues. The study concludes that the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle may have had it right when they advocated moderation in all things (Valliant, 2002). The fact is that many older adults continue to enjoy intimacy, physical closeness, hugging, and touching, which may or may not involve bodily penetration (DeVries & Herdt, 2012; Lindau et al., 2007; Schwartz, 2008). Humans naturally enjoy intimacy and touching at all ages, when they occur with respect, dignity, and emotional regard. In fact, hugging others may support mental and physical well-being (Valliant, 2002). It is in this context that we consider sexuality for men and women in later life. While sex may decline in terms of actual penetration or orgasm, its quality may actually increase in terms of overall satisfaction, as older adults may experience a greater focus and ability to enjoy their partner than when they were younger (Delamater & Sill, 2004).
Middle Adulthood Perspectives on Sexuality Female Issues with Desire Although men and women alike continue to find satisfaction in sex as they grow older, aging affects the sexual lives of heterosexual women earlier and more adversely than it affects heterosexual men (Carpenter et al., 2006). In part, this is because women outnumber men in the aging population and a higher and earlier male mortality rate limits the availability of sexual partners for women. Also, older women tend to be more sexually conservative than younger women (Carpenter et al., 2006). Cultural taboos may discourage many older single or widowed women from having active sexual relationships, especially if they experience problems with desire. Page 421 Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) is the inability to attain or maintain sexual excitement, expressed as a lack of subjective excitement or as a lack of genital lubrication or swelling or other physical responses. Another disorder, female sexual desire disorder (FSDD) , is the persistent inability to achieve fulfilling sexual activity, or to maintain a level of sexual desire that the individual woman feels comfortable with. Typically this disorder occurs after age 25 but the symptoms vary greatly among individuals. In part

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