Your Answer:10 / 10 ptsQues!on 6Describe the energy transfer process rela"ve to both ATP and ADP.ATP or Adenosine Triphosphate is the most used form of energy in the cells, it transferprocess is described as by giving available phosphate groups, ATP transfers the energyfrom breaking down or Catabolic reac"ons to be used for building up or Anabolism.The process of giving or receiving energy is what fuels the cell to carry out thenecessary biochemical reac"ons needed to survive. ADP or Adenosine Triphosphate iswhat occurs when the phosphate group is taken away from ATP. ADP can recieveenergy or accept energy, taking on the phosphate group to then become ATP.ATP has the energy (phosphate group) todonatedonatewhile ADP canacceptacceptenergy in the form of a phosphate group. Thus, ATP can be reduced (ATPADP + Pi) while ADP can be built into ATP (ADP + PiATP).⟶⟶Your Answer:2 / 2 ptsQues!on 7An organism that derives its energy (generates ATP) from photons of light is called a_________?Phototrophs.Phototrophic microorganismYour Answer:2 / 2 ptsQues!on 8An organism that derives its energy by removing electrons from elemental sulfurwould be classified as a __________?Lithotrophs.Lithotroph2 / 2 ptsQues!on 9This phosphoryla"on process occurs in the mitochondria of chemotropic eukaryotes.Oxida"ve phosphoryla"onCorrect!Correct!Photophosphoryla"onSubstrate-level phosphoryla"onYour Answer:5 / 5 ptsQues!on 10The catabolism of a single molecule of glucose goes through what 3 dis"ncttransi"ons?The catabolism of a single molecule of glucose goes through 3 dis"nct transi"ons.Glycolysis is the first step and it yields two molecules of ATP. Second, By either therespira"on or fermenta"on two extra molecules of ATP can be created. The last stepof this process is the electro transport chain creates 34 ATP through an oxida"vephosphoryla"on event at the mitochondrial membrane.The breakdown of glucose goes through (1) Glycolysis then (2) Fermenta!onor Respira!on and finally through (3) the electron transport chain (ETC).Your Answer:5 / 5 ptsQues!on 11What is the most energe"c transi"on in the catabolism of glucose?The last step of the process, when the electron transport chain yields 34 ATP whileglycolisis and fermenta"on individually yield only 2 ATP.
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