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(5) PREVENT OUTBREAKS IN UNAFFECTED COUNTRIES Multi-faceted/preparedness (regional) 30.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 30.5 Total 88.0 194.1 473.1 220.4 987.8 Source: UNOCHA (2014b). SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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34 the UN Secretary-General’s Memorandum of 12 December 2014 on the ‘Recovery initiative in Ebola-Affected Countries’, UNDP has been mandated to lead the UN recovery process in close consultation with other agencies. Effective coordination of the recovery programme is central to accelerating progress. The United Nations also has a role to play with national and regional governments to follow up on the pledges made to alleviate the crisis. As of January 2015, more than 983 pledges (international development agencies, donors, NGOs and private sector organizations) have been made, 433 of which to the UN agencies. As of January 2015, only about 111 agencies have fulfilled their pledges. Indeed, of US$2.27 billion needed for the Ebola Response Plan, as indicated by United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), only US$1.25 billion, around 55 percent, has been covered. Substantial resources are still needed to fill the gap. Resource mobilization is key to moving forward on the Ebola response interventions. In terms of organization, the number of agencies represents an important challenge. Coordination failure and competition between them are causes of concern that should be addressed so that the United Nations can continue to enjoy the trust of the West African governments. The Regional Directors’ Team provides a good opportunity for coordination. The outbreak of the disease created a great organizational challenge, to which the United Nations responded by setting up the first-ever UN mission for a public health emergency, UNMEER. The primary task of the new agency is to coordinate the UN agencies’ vast resources to combat the epidemic under the technical leadership of the WHO. The new coordination agency has been based in Accra, Ghana. However, its main challenge is to ensure implementation coordination. UNMEER is working with the WHO to develop indicators, based on the availability of human resources and treatment centres, for monitoring Ebola response efforts. Irrespective of the role assigned to each organization, UN agencies should work as a team in helping these countries to recover. The synergy of UN efforts is key to accelerating progress. To solve the coordination failure of UN agencies, UNMEER should design a strong division of labour matrix and ensure its implementation. A committee should be set up to receive and redirect any pledge. In addition, this committee should ensure that duplication and unhealthy competition on the ground by United Nations agencies is avoided. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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35 Women vegetable farmers and traders in Sierra Leone have faced important losses due to restrictions on the transportation of goods and periodic markets bans in the context of the Ebola outbreak. Photo by FAO Guinea/K. Jawad FAO/Keifa Jaward – Communication officer in Sierra Leone SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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