They were too weak to resist masters whites began to

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They were too weak to resist mastersWhites began to always fear rebellions and began to pass repressive laws.Slaves were kept on "task" by other slaves known as "drivers"26
Actually, most planters took fairly good care of their slaves as they wanted to make the most of their "property".In the 1700's, slave codes were written into state laws:i.e., Virginia Codemade slavery an inherited statusreligion could not alter the statusmasters held the power of life and deathSlavery made the south the most valuable region in colonial timesPer capita wealth was 4 times greater than in New EnglandSouthern GentryThe wealthy large slave owners lived like gentry. They dominated state politics. In Virginia, one had to own at least 100 acres of unimproved land or 25 acres with a house to be able to vote. Unifying Experiences: Go over Figure 5.1 Colonial importsCommerce and Consumption 155Colonists imported consumer goods. They wanted the everyday English goods. By the mid century, 2/5 of Europe's manufactured goods went to the colonies. This soon increased to 61 %. As more and more colonists were able to purchase English products, they began to run up a debt to English importers, who extended credit.Colonists could look and feel more English even though they lived an ocean away and on theedge of a wilderness. *note the treasured items most often passed down from earlier generations…silver, china, etc.Religion, Enlightenment, and Revival In the 18thcentury people could choose from many Christian denominations (unlike the Middle Ages when there was only one Christian faith)Colonists had become more tolerant of other faiths, although a lot of bickering went on. This tolerance was largely the effect of the writings of a philosopher, John Lockewho was influential in Europe and among intellectuals in the colonies. He wrote Essay on Human UnderstandingLocke marked the beginning of modern thought. Some of the clergy educated at American colleges (there were six by 1763) adopted a more liberal theology that stressed reasonableness of Christian beliefs. Deism: God was the creator of the universe and it was run by natural laws. One looked for God's plan in nature. Deism centered more on the Old Testament (Biblical laws) than the new.It stressed the importance of science and natural law in religion (rather than the arguments whether it was a Presbyterian God, an Anglican God, etc.)27
It attracted many educated Colonists. By the middle of the 18thC, this "rational Christianity" was followed by educated and enlightened Colonists … Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, etc.Deists shared the new vision of the Enlightenment. Enlightenment: The thought of the 18thCentury Elite. It is a belief in the power of using human reason to improve society and to decipher the universe. It was based upon twoFoundations: Modern Science and the Ancient Classics1.Modern Science: A number of key figures, the most important were John Locke and Issac NewtonScientific thought, like all thought, slowly developed.

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