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⁃Tried to improve: Farmer’s Alliance 1870s⁃Blamed Railroad Freight prices, high interest rates, government fiscalpolicy (high tariffs)⁃Formed co-ops to sell and market goods•The People’s Party (1890s)⁃Farmers/Knights of Labor/Greenbacks⁃Included farmers and “produced”⁃Biggest group…cotton farmers South and West⁃Organized massive educational campaigns⁃Demanded Federal Regulations of Railroad & Telegraph•The Populist Platform — 1892⁃Direct election of Senators⁃Government control of currency⁃Graduated Income Tax⁃Public financing for farmers⁃Workers’ right to unionize⁃Nationalize railroads to benefit farmers•Populist Coalition•The Government and Labor⁃1893 — Depression furthers divide⁃1894 — Coveys’ Army⁃1894 — The Pullman Strike
•Populism and Labor⁃Urban and rural workers split•Bryan and Free Silver⁃“Cross of Gold Speech”•The Campaign of 1896⁃Considered the 1st “modern election”Indian WarsIn the late 1800s, California tried to attract immigrants by advertising its pleasant climate…I. Industrial and Agricultural GrowthA. Corporate AgricultureB. Technological Innovationsi. Bell's Telephoneii. Typewriters and Sewing Machinesiii. Thomas Edisoniv. George Westinghouse and Electric PowerC. The Railroad Revolutioni. Trains and Timeii. Trains and Industrial Eraiii. The Downside of Railroad BoomD. Building Transcontinentalsi. The "Work of Giants"ii. The Pacific Railway Act (1862)iii. Railroad Workersiv. Laying Trackv. The Race to FinishII. The Rise of Big BusinessA. The Growth of CorporationsB. Fighting Competition
C. The Barons of Businessi. John D. Rockefellerii. Andrew Carnegieiii. J. Pierpont Morganiv. Sears and Roebuckv. The Gospel of WealthIII. The Alliance of Business and Politicsi. Republicans and Big Businessii. Laissez-FaireIV. An Industrial SocietyA. The Ways of Wealthy B. A Growing Middle Classi. Middle-Class Womenii. Neurasniaiii. Jane Addamsiv. The Ladies' Home JournalC. The Working Classi. Working Womenii. Child LaborV. The "Dreadful Chill of Change"i. Organized Laborii. The Molly Maguiresiii. The Great Railroad Strike (1877)iv. The Sand-Lot Incidentv. The National Labor Unionvi. The Knights of Laborvii. Mor Jonesviii. Anarchismix. The Haymarket Riot (1886)x. A Backlash Against Unionsxi. Gompers and AFLxii. The Homestead Steel Strikexiii. The Pullman StrikeA. Economic Success and ExcessI. The Myth of New South
i. Textile Millsii. The Tobacco Industryiii. Or New South Industriesiv. The RedeemersII. The Failings of New Southi. Sourn Povertyii. The Crop-Lien Systemiii. Falling Cotton PricesIII. Race Relations during 1890si. Disfranchising African Americansii. The Spread of Segregationiii. Mob Rule in North CarolinaA. The Black Responsei. Ida B. Wellsii. Booker T. Washingtoniii. W. E. B. Du BoisIV. The Settling of New Westi. The Western Landscapeii. The Migratory Streamiii. The African American Migrationiv. Western Miningv. Mining BoomtownsV. Life in New Westi. The Cattle Boom