You will learn another usage of 7c in Unit 5 9 B f 5 0 T r o 1 OHfic t ofz L l

You will learn another usage of 7c in unit 5 9 b f 5

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about an occurrence that is likely to take place. (You will learn another usage of7c in Unit 5.) ^9 B f 5 0 ^ T - r o1OHfict'-ofz^.L l t A ^iè^i-fo It is now 9:50. When it is 10:00, we will begin the exam. Here you can see that the meaning of~7c b is that when a certain circumstance (described by the ~7cl^jclause) holds true, then some action/event will occur A:V N Ot B ^ M t iIXl f ) \ B : < ^ C1 ± X ^^<fziy. \iir\-ftlxio Vi f:T A:When shall we go out? B: When we finish lunch, let's go out. MayIgo home when this work is finished? Earlier you learned^fz Y i(Unit 3, Lesson 8, p. 119). The difference between~7c ^ $and ^fzhis that^ f z ^is used to state a necessary condition for what follows, while^fz^ $is used only to specify a point in time. ^ts:^ '<Dr*Sé-yfzK il±^/LiLJ:7o I don't have time now, so let's talk when we meet next week. In this sentence~ 7cY. iis moreappropriate.If the speaker had used~7ctinstead, he would have been saying, "I don't have time now, so let's talk if we meet next week," implying, "If we don't meet next week, we cannot talk." Such a nuance is unnecessary, so he uses~7cY i . The reason you often use^ f z ^instead of~7c ^ $in expressions like10B#(C)I-f i -o fz^(first example above) is that^fz Y. iimplies "at the moment," focusing on the time rather than the condition.
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Complete the sentences as in the example. 1) tt*^^'If-'b^ -^ l i L o i c* T<tziw 2)^^-~.< Ltp-tlrT< / c ^ v N „ 3)71--?. SIC-n6t ; ^ T i - o 4)5;bX'^A^^-7^ ^ ^ - I f ^iè^iLJ;7o liU 5)U f ^ A WT ^ ^ ^J ; f / | c* T<T ^ ^ V N , 6 ).tx^Hc# < <L i - f o ts ^ l ± ^ ^^<iz^ f $ iLJ:7o 8)Lt*<ti^^rt ± ; f- i / e ^vHN-r-fJ;o 9)7^ICiJt^ m i è L T</ ^ ^ V N „ T Ai7 .10)j;1^±; ^ :fe^-ti:^lcx uiLj;7o 111' dinner fiomework befinished
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)PRACTICE 1 WORDPOWER I.Cooking: 1i 1 @fei1)^ ®^i\^^ (0)^ ^ 7 ®LJ:7P$@ - f L i7® ? > 7 l ^ <® ^ U I C < i t)-t£ NOTE:Japanese,likeEnglish,hasintransitiveandtransitiveverbpairs.Intransitiveverbsdonottakeadirect object,whereas transitive ones do. feyp-Ó^h{(INTRANSITIVE) thewater boils fe't^^h-fj-^-f(TRANSITIVE) boilthe water 186 a^cphot water h< boil (intr.) M^-tboil (trans.) ^lt'?.(R2)roast (intr) ^< roast (trans.) \^xi>{K2.)cook (in liquid) (intr.)L i isalt Ic^i(R2) cook (In liquid) (trans.) L I7soy sauce v ' / c * i . ? )(R2) stir-fry- fvinegar ^ \ i h {Kl)deep-fry-^^Ci-i^oil, fat i hcut, chop'{oil 7(black) pepper S'lj)7|c< beef UI-< chicken (meat) • i ; 7 c l c <pork i. CLj ;
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> E A K I N GP R A C T I C E Helping out at a barbecue party: ttzl ±^VN^,Lai- t i :^ o{checking the otherside)^o,t t i c Kato:Is it done yet? Green:It's probably too early (to take it off thegrill),(checking the otherside)Not yet. I'll call you when it's done, so please help yourself to the been IVlartin:Isthere something I might help you with? Green:Well, sorry to trouble you, but when the water boils, put it in the thermos jug. Then cut up those vegetables. Green:The meat is done. Green's wife: Please, everyone, help yourself to lots of food. Martin:What a wonderful smell. What are we supposed to put on it/dip it in? Kato:I'll take salt and peppen What aboutyou,Marie? Martin:I'll take soy sauce. (fe)T-:3/cVvhelpi c f e osmell fcT't'TcV^-f^help(humble form)o | - f4(R2) put (sauce etc.) on, dip (food) in ^'-yhthermos jug ( f e ) L Jtr i ^soy sauce 46Li i ï S ^ ' o T<opleaseeat(honorific form) i^Lchi^ieat (honorificform)
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L I S T E N I N GP R A C T I C E ' IListen to the tour guide'stall<: Hi; J;Tv> -oi'lz i t o ! ; 7 f t ' i >i;I'i i i f t ' oi; t / ' i : /O TJ ^ A IC# $ i t o1B#FB14^<%VNi<ULt:^ / b t .f/"
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