B king urban schools bluesmen modern lyrics electric

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King of the blues = B. B. King Urban Schools Bluesmen Modern lyrics Electric amplification Blues women Made first blues recordings Accompanied by piano/jazz ensemble
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Lecture 5: January 25, 12 18:04 Early African American Religious Music Heterophony: many sounds occurring at one time Call and Response Vibrato Melisma Descending minor third Blue tones Flat third (b3) Flat seven (b7) Note bending African American Vocalisms (sacred) Spiritual From pre composed Protestant hymn Slow tempo “frees up” rhythm Some have double meaning Gospel From the preacher’s sermon Upbeat (quick tempo) Jubilee
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Lecture 6 January 30, 2012 18:04 “Ma” Rainey – mother of blues from Georgia Mamie Smith – first recording of blues: August of 1920 from Cincinnati, Ohio Bessie Smith – empress of the blues from Tennessee Janis Joplin – queen of psychelic rock from Texas Dinah Washington – queen of the blues from Alabama Ruth Brown – queen of R&B W.C. Handy – father of the blues Mr. Grawpner – first minstrel Thomas “Daddy” Rice  - father of American minstrel show Minstrel’s – musicians/entertainers (stage performers) smeared cork all over their face  for a black appearance that represented African Americans All male and all white until after civil war Minstrel Show Show proper Minstrels in semicircle stage Warm up the crowd Ended in cakewalk Olio (Miscellaneous)  Solo acts Dance contests Parody/playlet Ole-fashioned: Parodee/playlette   Text Settings 1. Syllabic: 1 tone per syllable example: wade in the wa-ter 2. Melismatic: more than 1 tone on some syllables example: wa-a-a-ade in the wa-a-a-ter tap dancers T.O.B.A theatre owners booking association  musicians referred to it as tough on black artists
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Lecture 7 February 1, 2012 18:04 Ragtime was paper time! 1. Newspapers 2. Sheet music people used thin rags because there was a paper shortage official music of the minstrels ragtime wasn’t considered music, it was thought to be a problem Evil of ragtime Dances were banned during this time, if caught they were fired from their jobs People thought there was some kind of power in ragtime
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Lecture 8 February 6, 2011 18:04 New Orleans, Louisiana, founded in 1718 Chantwell Kah Iso! Calypso Vocalism Call-and-response Voodoo – new Orleans is considered to be voodoo capital of united states Similarities: voodoo / Catholicism  1. Monotheism – Gran Maitre Dambella (the serpent God on earth)  2. Saints/ many lesser gods 3. Well defined priesthood 4. the priest has helpers hougan, genikon/alter boys, mamb/nuns 5. Notion of sacrifice communion/sacrifice of an animal definite state of possession or altered state for communication with the supernatural  Congo Square, established 1817 Cross fertilization Established because of voodoo scare Parade Physical barriers Canal street Aesthetic – imitate human voice Creoles of Colour – French people born in the united states but felt French heritage 
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