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Sociologists have linked racial and economic disparity to access to health care and wellness. Mortality rates indicate health inequality. Infant mortality rates between impoverishedblacks and wealthy whites are five times higher. On average, whites live five years longer than blacks do. Outside of large cities, blacks and whites attend the same schools and live in the same communities. However, in many urban settings, residential segregation continues. Racial discrimination in housing and migration of whites to the suburbs result in predominantly black orHispanic neighborhoods. Consequently, some inner-city schools are predominantly non-white.Blacks have made remarkable gains political power on a state and national level. Electedblacks have occupied seats in the main public offices including that of President of the United States. Although several mayors and judges are black, whites mainly hold local offices. The educational attainment theory best explains racial inequality. Schools in poverty-stricken areas lack funding equal to that of schools in higher income areas. Being raised in poverty with unequal resources reduces the chances of gaining valuable education and career opportunities. 9.Migration P. 257-258Sociologists categorize four migration models to describe movement since the SecondWorld War.