Economic and political forces determine the overall

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Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction
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Chapter 18 / Exercise 01
Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction
McEachern
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Economic and political forces determine the overall level of inequality Why are some groups more likely to be poor?
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Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction
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Chapter 18 / Exercise 01
Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction
McEachern
Expert Verified
Soci 169 Peixuan Li Social and political forces determine which groups will be more likely to be poor (e.g., differences by race, ethnicity, gender, age) Trends in income inequality Poverty and lifetime risk of poverty Reasons for growing inequality Poverty among children Social class differences in family life Intergenerational mobility Social and cultural capital Diverging destinies -- evidence Section Readings What’s the point? That is, what question is being asked and answered? What is the implication of the answer for our understanding of families? Review quizzes. Videos For videos watched and discussed in class: what major issues were discussed and what point did the film make (that is, why did we watch it)? Historical clips from the First Measured Century (WWII, Post-War, 1960s Women’s Movement, Kinsey), Codes of Gender , clips linked from lecture . Example short answer questions: 1. Explain why the height of the breadwinner-caregiver family in the 1950s was an anomaly. That is, what made the 1950s so unusual for families? 2. What are economic, demographic, and cultural/psychological explanations for the growth of mothers' labor force participation? 3. Explain how most families, including middle class families, receive substantial assistance from the federal government. 4. Explain at least three reasons for welfare reform (1996). 5. What were two effects of welfare reform on families? 6. What is the EITC and how does it support families? Why is it politically popular, i.e., a practical compromise?
Soci 169 Peixuan Li 7. Discuss the difference between sex and gender. Why is it important to examine gender roles in the context of a certain society and period of time? 8. Provide an individual, interactional, and institutional explanation for why women provide more household caregiving than men. 9. Explain why income inequality has increased in the US (give at least three specific reasons). 10. What do we mean by diverging destinies? Describe the types of families that are getting ahead and the types of families that are falling behind. What are the implications for children? 11. According to class discussion, what are at least two reasons that we do more to reduce poverty among the elderly than among children? 12. Describe the underlying emphasis of major pendulum swings in public policy. Contrast the New Deal (1930s), with the Great Society (1960s), and welfare reform (1990s). Hint: look at the speeches given by FDR, LBJ, and Clinton. 13. Explain what Lareau meant by concerted cultivation vs. natural growth in terms of the class differences in the way parents view the task of raising children. 14. What is a non-essentialist reason that children with a co-resident father (or second parent) may fare better, on average, than children with one parent? What is an essentialist reason that children with a co-resident father may fare better, on average?

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