They want to be able to understand the cause there

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-They want to be able to understand the cause; there may be multiple causes or agents associated with one disaster I- Incident Command -Should emergency response be activated? Is an incident command system (ICS) needed? -ICS is a standardized all-hazards approach to handling emergencies which provides a structural guideline that can adapt to different situations. -5 functions of incident command-command, operations, planning, logistics and finance/administrationS- Scene security and safety -The scene of the disaster needs to be safe before entering the scene. At times care will be stopped until the scene is declared safe for those who are trying to help. A- Assess Hazards -What are the hazards at the scene known? Could this event be an act of terrioism? -Some disasters may have multiple hazards -For example when there is a fire and an explosion results from it and it releases a toxin into the air. Those things all happened secondary to the initial fire disaster S- Support -What personnel, equipment, or supplies are needed?
-This assessment needs to include the support needs to include local, state or federal assistance. T-Triage and treatment -What are the injuries? Is triage needed? What treatments will be prevalent? -START triage; focuses on three observations -Respiration, Perfusion and Mental status -This puts people into four different categories: -Minor: green -Care may be delayed up to three hours -Delayed: Yellow -Urgent care; but could be delayed up to an hour -Immediate: Red -Life threatening; need immediate care -Dead:black -No emergency care needed -This needs to happen within 60 seconds or less per patient; apply an immediate tag then move on E-Evacuation and Transport of Victims and Casualties -Remove the injured and non-injured to safety -How many people are needed for transport? What type of transportation is needed? -There needs to be 1 ambulance for every 5 patients in need of transportation in an emergency -If there is any type of contamination; the patients will need to be decontaminated prior to transport R- Recovery -This refers to the period of time where the community returns to “normal function level” -What are immediate/ long term needs? Stages/phases of disaster planning Stage 1: Prevention: Plan, prepare prior to event, community vulnerabilities, identify community resources and capacity, implement effective warning system Stage 2: Preparedness: Implement community disaster education, eval and update policies/procedures, develop cooperative agreements, plan drills and training Step 3: Response: respond to the event, assess damages and immediate needs, mitigate
potential hazards, provide aid and assistance, secure needed resources, involve public health for surveillance and hazard control Step 4: Recovery: manage and assess disaster, monitor community systems and services Evaluate community disaster response and implement needed changes; what worked well, what didn’t? Fire: RACE, PASSReportable diseases -TB -Diphtheria -Anthrax -Ebola -HIV/AIDs -Lyme disease -The plague -rabies PPE

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