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members (ex. son gets college degree father never had) Intragenerational also known as career mobility has to do with mobility that occurs within a person's lifetime (start poor, end up with good career) Life chances The probabilities concerning the fate an individual can expect in life (wealth, income) Health and social class people of a "better" off social class are less likely to be afflicted with serious healthissues, because they can afford/have more access to better health services Education influenced by parental income Parental income has an effect on whether children finish high school and attend and graduate from college Working life people who start of in blue-collar jobs tend to stay in them their entire working lives; people who start out in white-collar jobs tend to stay in them their entire working lives Crime and Justice in relation to social class People from lower classes who break the law are more likely to be arrested, less
likely to be released on bail, and more likely to be sent to prison than people of higher classes who break the law Reproduction of class structure Most people end up in a class position similar/close to their parents Culture of poverty children growing up in poor families would learn to adapt to the values and norms that perpetuated poverty. The children would replicate these in their own lives, creating a cycle of intergenerational poverty. Income Money received per year from wages and salary Wealth Total values of assets owned (house and bank account)Structure of Poverty Focus on the limited access to opportunities that poor people have compared to the more affluent Pygmalion effect greater the expectation placed upon people (teacher's expectations of students), the better the people are likely to perform Tracking entire school population is assigned to classes according to whether the students' overall achievement is above average, normal, or below average and in which students attend academic classes only with students whose overall academic achievement is the same as their own. Basic training isn't about changing people; it's about teaching them the skills that soldiers need (true or false)FALSE: "basic training involves a brief but intense period of indoctrination whose purpose is NOT really to teach the recruits basic military skills, but rather to change their values and their loyalities" "I guess you could say we brainwash them a little bit" For most young men, an important aspect of being a marine is learning how to
be a real man (true or false)TRUE: "masculinity means being a warrior" Young men rationalize and idealize the idea of being a solider, "Basic training, whatever its hardships, is a quick way to become a man among men" Close order drill is taught (only) because today's soldiers must be able to march into battle without flinching (true or false) TRUE: marching teaches how to obey orders Basic training is designed to be very difficult in order to weed out all but the superior recruits (true or false)