This view was evident in the pattern of the criticisms that Party mouthpieces crafted against the Dalai Lama during that period. 54 First, the criticisms always focused on individuals or single organizations, which were not taken as represen- tative of foreign governments. Some typical key words and phrases were: “ vehe- mently condemn a few senators in the US Congress, ” 55 “ a few people in the US Congress, ” 56 “ a few foreign imperialists, ” 57 “ a few people in the US Senate are fol- lowing the path of the old colonialism, ” 58 “ a few foreign political forces and a few foreign organizations and individuals in the name of protecting human rights. ” 59 Even these few persons or organizations were often described as passive actors from which the Dalai Clique actively sought support, “ naively wishing to rely on the support of foreigners to carry out separatist activities. ” 60 53. Deng Xiaoping, “ Wenhua shenghuo shuiping ” [The quality of cultural life], October 16, 1987, in Xizang gongzuo wenxian xuanbian: 1949 – 2005 . [Selected documents on Tibetan work, 1949 – 2005] (Beijing: Zhongyang Wenxian Chubanshe, 2005). 54. The Party mouthpiece newsletters cited here come from a collection called Yangguang xia de zui ’ e: Lasa lici saoluan, baoli fanzui jishi [Crimes in the sunlight: A record of each wave of riots and violent crimes in Lhasa], ed. Xizang zizhiqu dangxiao and Xizang ribao she [Party school of Tibet Autonomous Region and Tibet Daily] (Lhasa: Xizang renmin chubanshe, 2009). 55. “ Qianglie qianze Meiguo guohui ganshe Zhongguo neizheng ” [Vehemently condemning US Congress for interfering with China ’ s domestic affairs], Xinhua News Agency , October 9, 1987, ibid., 52; Li Xiannian remarked that “ the US Congress is only in a position to manage the US and not to intervene into other countries ’ domestic affairs ” ; see Zhu Yunlong, “ Dalai fenlie zuguo de hoodong shi bu de renxin de ” [Dalai ’ s separatist activities does not win people ’ s hearts], Xinhua News Agency , October 11, 1987, ibid., 45; “ Wo zhumei dashiguan dui mei canyiyuan tongguo Xizang wenti xiuzhengan biaoshi fenkai ” [Our embassy in the US expressed indignation about US Senate passing the amendment on the Tibet question], Xinhua News Agency , October 6, 1987, ibid., 58. 56. “ Mei canyiyuan tongguo ganshe Zhongguo neizheng de xiuzhengan shi mei guohui shaoshuren cedong de you yi yanzhong shijian ” [That US Senate passed the amendament to interfere with China ’ s domestic affairs was again a serious incident plotted by a handful of people in US Congress], Xinhua News Agency , October 7, 1987, ibid., 57; Foreign Minister Qian Qichen said that “ a few people in the US know little about Tibet but hold strong biased opinions, ” see “ Xizang wenti shi zhongguo neizheng, buxu waiguo ganshe ” [The Tibet question is China ’ s domestic affair, no foreign interference is allowed], Xinhua News Agency , March 27, 1988, ibid., 161; Bao Guangren, “ Mei guohui shaoshu yiyuan you zai Xizang wenti shang zuo wenzhang ” [A few US senators made an issue of Tibet again], ibid., 187.
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