Japan attacks guam and philippines navy dominates

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Japan attacks Guam and Philippines Navy dominates Bataan Death March 1942: A Japanese brutality against American soldiers, they are forced to camps and tortured by the Japanese Battle of the Coral Sea 1942: First important victory by the United States, keeps Japan from invading Austria Battle of Midway 1942: Turning point battle for war between US and Japan as Japan is kept from advancing Battle of Guadalcanal: The first allied counter-attack against Japanese forces to abandon the island, the start of Jungle warfare and island hopping campaigns (in which they were shelling islands for 74 days before actually arriving to shore Island Hopping Campaign: The Japanese Navy is crippled and US begins picking and choosing certain Pacific islands to capture as we reach mainland Japan, as we get closer to Japan, they get more fierce in their resistance and are completely committed Kamikaze Attacks: pilots killing themselves to kill America Japanese were under the impression that Americans would torture them, so they would kill themselves to avoid that
Shown in Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa US bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki: ends the war in 1945 United States responses to joining of the popular war Mobilization of Forces Expansion of Civil Service Act 16 million men and women serve, many volunteer and serve longer terms Women’s Army Corps (WAC) develops: US army group to allow women to offer non-combat support in war, most often drivers, decoders, etc African Americans serve in segregated units Native Americans: 25,000 Navajo code talkers Mobilization of Economy War Production Board: 1942, regulates the use of raw materials to devote things to creations for the war. Ford goes from producing Model Ts to bombers War Labor Board: Settle labor and business disputes to keep happy workers during war-- avoiding extra problems Office of Price Administration: Save goods for war through consumption limits Certificate plan/permit for certain purchases Limited number of coupons, kind of act as tickets, for a product Leads to small black market Freezes prices to prevent inflation Office of Scientific Research and Development: contribution of money to science projects such as Manhattan Project, sonar, radar, and etc Social Changes Growth in SUnbelt states as more factories in the South are built for war industries, many move there and the South officially experiences recovery Women join the labor force and are encouraged to do so with propaganda Rosie the Riveter Increase in household wages and saving Afterward though, are encouraged to leave and go back home-- still sparked a new job for women African Americans faced more racial violence as people perceived them to being taking jobs/houses Detroit Race Riots: Biggest riot in 1943, against African Americans, 23 die, political restoration is needed A. Philip Randolph: Father of the Civil Rights movements Leads March on Washington Movement: precursor to what MLK will later do, encourages

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