and less corruption, all of which would mean, they claimed, a more democratic society. But if democracy means an opportunity for all to be heard and not just the majority, then democracy suffered. Under the Commission Plan, those individuals and minorities with interests and concerns unrepresented by the majority lost power and opportunity. Committee on Public Information: This government agency, established by Congress in April 1917 under George Creel and popularly known as the Creel Committee, had the purpose of uniting public opinion behind the war effort, and
the committee proceeded to try to create and shape public opinion by issuing ultra-nationalistic, often hate-filled propaganda, a practice which became knownas political warfare. The result was a climate of hatred and fear in the U.S. whichdid not end with the war but continued into the postwar period when its anti-subversive, nationalistic attitudes were redirected against communists and anarchists, contributing to the Red Scare of 1919-1920.Click for Larger Version of Mapconcentration camps: A term for any walled or fenced area for keeping prisoners,usually during war, but especially identified during World War II with Nazi Germany's internment camps for Jews who were used for labor or experiments and six million of whom, as part of the Holocaust, were killed by poison gas or starvation. They are an example of the potential of human beings to be totally unfeeling and destructive of others, especially when caught up in a belief in absolute ideas (whatever their source) which supposedly hold the truth and must be realized.
John L. LewisCIO: Congress of Industrial Organization, a labor union which in the 1930s sought to organize unskilled workers in industrywide unions rather than separating them by skill or craft. Beginning as a part of the American Federationof Labor in 1935, the CIO was initially the Committee of Industrial Organizationand changed its name to Congress in 1938 after the AFof L expelled its unions. Led by John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers, the CIO was able to organize unskilled workers into a viable and effective organization because Section 7a of the New Deal's National Industrial Recovery Act (1933) guaranteed labor's right "to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing." The NIRA and the CIO were the real beginning of Big Labor as a third leg in national politics with Big Business and Big Government, allowing themass of workers to improve their conditions and aspire to membership in the middle class.conservation: The idea of protecting the environment which began to become prominent in the late 19thcentury and which took two competing forms: one version (touted by Theodore Roosevelt ca. 1900) called for conserving natural resources so that they can be used effectively as a national and business necessity,
the other version (advanced by naturalist John Muir ca. 1900) insisted on conserving areas of natural beauty as an end in itself. Only in the 1960s did a