Prevention of conversion from prediabetes to diabetes

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Prevention of conversion from prediabetes to diabetes in young children must take highest priority and should focus on: 1. Aggressive dietary manipulation to prevent obesity 2. Fostering LDL levels less than 100 mg/dl and total cholesterol less than 170 mg/dl to prevent cardiovascular disease 3. Maintaining a blood pressure that is less than 80% based on weight and height to prevent hypertension 4. All of the above
____ 19. The drugs recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for use in children with diabetes (depending upon type of diabetes) are:
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2. Sulfonylureas and insulin glargine 3. Split-mixed dose insulin and GPL-1 agonists 4. Biguanides and insulin lispro ____ 20. Unlike most type 2 diabetics where obesity is a major issue, older adults with low body weight have higher risks for morbidity and mortality. The most reliable indicator of poor nutritional status in older adults is:
____ 21. The drugs recommended for older adults with type 2 diabetes include:
____ 22. Ethnic groups differ in their risk for and presentation of diabetes. Hispanics: 1. Have a high incidence of obesity, elevated triglycerides, and hypertension 2. Do best with drugs that foster weight loss, such as metformin 3. Both 1 and 2 4. Neither 1 nor 2
____ 23. The American Heart Association states that people with diabetes have a 2- to 4-fold increase in the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. Treatments and targets that do not appear to decrease risk for micro- and macro-vascular complications include:
____ 24. All diabetic patients with known cardiovascular disease should be treated with:
____ 25. All diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia should be treated with:
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____ 26. Both angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and some angiotensin II receptor blockers have been approved in treating: 1. Hypertension in diabetic patients 2. Diabetic nephropathy 3. Both 1 and 2 4. Neither 1 nor 2
____ 27. Protein restriction helps slow the progression of albuminuria, glomerular filtration rate, decline, and end stage renal disease in some patients with diabetes. It is useful for patients who:

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