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Law governing the relationships among individuals and

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law governing the relationships among individuals and legal entities Civil and Criminal Laws Civil law : law dealing with rights and duties the violation of which constitutes a wrong against an individual or other legal entity Criminal law : law establishing duties which, if violated, constitute a wrong against the entire community Sources of Law Constitutional law : fundamental law of government establishing its powers and limitations Judicial law Common law : body of law developed by the courts that serve as precedent for determination of later controversies Equities : body of law based upon principles distinct from common law and providing remedies not available at law Legislative law : statutes adopted by legislative bodies Treaties : agreements between or among independent nations Executive orders : laws issued by the president or by the governor of a State Administrative law : body of law created by administrative agencies to carry out their regulatory powers and duties 1/23/12 Negligence : conduct that falls below the standard established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm You don’t need to prove motive but intent (did you form the state of mind to commit the act?) ex : Katie shoots Perez for no reason but just felt like it Ex : Katie indirectly and accidentally shoots Perez; still proves negligence (engaging in poor conduct) Measuring what you’re doing against the reasonable person
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Ch. 1 // The Legal Environment of Business
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