Peter Mark Roget, 1824- Thaumatrope (1825), Phenakistoscope, Zoetrope3. Photography- Joseph Nicephore Niepce, 1827- Louis Daguerre (1839) announces Daguerretyping (photography)- William Henry Fox TalbotSeries Photography1.Eadweard MuybridgeA)Motion experiments for Leland StanfordB)Success in 1878C) Zoopraxiscope
2.Etienne Jules MareyA)Chronophotographic Gun3.Celluloid Roll FilmA)Hannibal Goodman/George Eastman•1888 Kodak CameraInvention of the MoviesI. The Edison Company- Thomas Edison/W.K.L Dickson“I want to do the same for the eye that the phonograph did for the ear…”A)The Kinetographa.Electrically drivenb.Huge and heavy (several hundred lbs)-At this time, Edison conceived a plan to combine the visual/moving image and sound, although it would be decades before it came to beB)“The Black Maria”a.West Orange, NJb.Top of building opened up so actors could act under direct sunlight (no feasible lighting systems existed at the time)C)The Kinetoscopea.Continuous loopb.Peep-show devicec.Only 1 viewer at a timed.Edison began renting them out to businesses and hotels for entertainmente.Kinetoscope ParlorII. The Lumiere Brothers (Auguste and Louis)A)The Cinematographea.Hand-cranked – no need for power source whatsoeverb.3 functions – Camera, Projector, and printerc.began to send representatives out to take images from all over the worldDecember 28th, 1895 – First public showing for a paying audience – Grand Café in ParisIII.Edison’s Vitascope – Jenkins and ArmatA.Koster & Bial’s Music Hall (April 23rd, 1896 in NYC)1.Vaudeville TheatreFirst Motion Pictures 1 shot = 1 scene = 1 filmSeeing The MoviesI.Part of VaudevilleII.Amusement Parks and Traveling ShowsIII.Dime MuseumsIV.Importance of Projectionistsa.Determined what was shown and order it was shownb.Single-shot films/Multi-shot filmsc.G.A Smithi.Two-shot movie
Development of NarrativeDEF: Narrative a series of cause and effect relationships occurring in timeGeorge Melies(1861-1938)-Interest in film started when he saw the Lumiere premiere in Paris.-Goes to Lumiere bros. and asks if they will lend him some of their film equipment so he can start to make films – they deny him, so he moves on-Milk cart – hearse-Trick Filmso“Explosion Of A Motor Car” (1900)Cecil Hepwortho“A Trip To The Moon” (1902)1 shot=1 scene=X scenes= 1 film-Melies’ lack of developmentCinema of AttractionsI.Old Paradigma.Fiction vs. Non-FictionII.New Paradigma.Tom Gunning’s “Cinema of Attractions”“Cinema of Attractions” – Cinema based on one main quality, the ability to show something that will fascinate an audienceEdwin S. PorterI.Porter’s Backgrounda.ProjectionistII.Editing Experimentsa.“The Gay Shoe Clerk” (1903)III.Overlapping Editing“The Great Train Robbery” (1903)Early Wireless/RadioI.American Pioneersa.Lee De Foresti.Audion tube, 1906ii.De Forest Wireless Telegraph Co.
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Guglielmo Marconi, Thomas Edison Edison, Motion Picture Patents