Who were the intendents and what was their role

This preview shows page 7 - 8 out of 10 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Nature of Mathematics
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 17 / Exercise 41
Nature of Mathematics
Smith
Expert Verified
2. Who were the intendents and what was their role? Spanish royal officials who served in Latin America as provincial governors; overseers on the peninsulares 3. Who were the peninsulares? Whites born in Spain; from Iberian peninsula appointed to administrate the government 4. Who were Creoles and what was their significance in Latin America in the early nineteenth century? Whites born in New World; dominated local economies, sensitive to any suggestion of inferiority; would be the leaders of future protest movements; patriarchial society; *set up independent governments that claimed to rule in the name of the exiled Spanish monarch 5. What were the juntas? Military commanders who established themselves as a powerful group that dominated local governments in L.A. during the first decades after independence 6. Who was Jose san Martin and what was his significance? (after there were separate independent states) he was the revolutionary leader in southern South America; was an Argentinean; mobilized resistance in his native colony, crossed into Chile; carried the revolution into the most conservative colony of Peru and defeated the Spanish forces 7. Who was Simon Bolívar and what was his historical role? Leader of a Latin American independence movement that liberated Venezuela and Gran Columbia 8. Who was Miguel Hidalgo and what was his chief achievement? Lead rebellion in Mexico in 1810; called on support of mestizos and Indians; successful revolutionary movement with Creole support in 1820 9. What was the Monroe Doctrine? US recognized political independence of Latin America, guaranteed this independence, and tried to prevent Europe from interference in L.A. 10. Who were the caudillos? Regional military figures who dominated local areas and sometimes seized national governments 11. What were the major issues that Latin America faced after it gained independence? 12. What were the major goals of the reforms of the late nineteenth century in Latin America? To establish representative governments, rights to property, and free trade 13. What was the Reforma movement? In Mexico; Benito Juarez abolished slavery in Cuba and Brazil; a republic was created; however, social discontent from farmers and minorities resulted because Creoles were taking over their land 14. What was the War of the Pacific? Chile vs. Bolivia and Peru; Chile wanted their mineral deposits and natural resources; Chile won The United States, 1783-1914 What major political issues did the U.S. face during the first decades of the 19 th century? Weak government What was the constitutional convention and what was its historical role? Was called to create an alternative to the weak government; wrote the Constitution What is the Bill of Rights and what is historical significance? First ten amendments; guaranteed many individual rights from federal interference Who was Georges Washington and what was his historical significance? First president;
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Nature of Mathematics
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 17 / Exercise 41
Nature of Mathematics
Smith
Expert Verified

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture