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Jesus is what God is like and reveals God through his very beingFrom Ch. 10 How letters were written, Typical structure of format of letter 216-222Most common writing material was papyrusOftentimes, it was a scribe who wrote the worksoAmanuensis: scribeMany of Paul’s letters list co-authors , we don’t know what they contributed to actual contentThere would be bearers of the letter who would go to different places and present the letter to the church.Typical Structure or Format for a letteroSalutation: Grace instead of GreetingsVery eager to teach the Gospel, elaborate : to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saintsoThanksgiving: Other Greco-Roman letters contain a thanks section to different gods and Paul retains this theme but in Christian terms, Paul’s letter to the Galatians contains no thanksgivingoMain body:Themes and rhetoric change on the purpose of the message: either defensive or thankfuloClosing: Paul’s letters close haphazardly with various miscellaneous exhortations, a recap of a sig. point, etc.Non-Pauline: close more quickly with brief greetings.
Pseudoepigraphy:oFalse ascription: applied in NT studies to the practice of ancient authors attributing their own writings to other people, such as a revered teacher.Disputed letters of Paul: Ephesians, Colossians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 &2 Timothy, and TitusFrom Chapter 11: Chronology of Paul’s Life [box 11.4 and 11.5 and A life changing Revelation and Missionary Work in the Mediterranean World 236-238 and 239-245Key dates in Paul’s lifeConversion to Christ: 32,36First visit to Jerusalem: 35,39Death: 62,67LettersGalatians: mid 40sThessalonians: late 40s, early 50sGalatians: 50sPhilemon: late 50s, early 60sPhilipians: late 50s early 60s1&2 Timothy and Titus: 60sDeath of Paul 60sA life changing Revelation Initially, Paul persecuted the early Christian church and tried to destroy itNo details about his revelation. After conversion: he did not quit one religion and join another, the revelation was an act of unmerited grace from GodMissionary Work in the Med. WorldBulk of his work: Galatia, Asia, Macedonia, and Achaia (Turkey and Greece)Targeted urban commercial centers for founding churches. Often supported himself financially by practicing a trade within the communityPaul insists his work was independent from any human authority. He only takes orders from Jesus Christ. He likes to found churches where other missionaries have not worked, he doesn’t like missionaries who undermine his authority afterwardThe single, celibate life is ideal for a Christian who is expecting Jesus to come soonDifferences in Acts and Paul’s lettersoActs speaks to Paul’s miracles but the letters do notoThere are more trials and tribulations in Paul’s letters than Luke’s Acts