Smaller metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, especially in the South, Slides and Notes for ... 第 28 页 共 37 页 12/9/14, 3:31 PM
share a significant burden of the AIDS epidemic. Prevention Lecture Notes The percentage of Americans who have heard about AIDS and believe it is the most urgent health problem facing the nation has dropped in recent years. Many people assume that their partners are not HIV-infected because they look healthy, "clean," and/or attractive. This disease is highly seen as a disease of "others". With tens of thousands of Americans—many of them teenagers and young adults—becoming infected with HIV each year, apathy and ignorance become enemies in the fight against this disease. To protect ourselves and those we care about from HIV infection, there are some things we should know in addition to the basic facts about transmission and prevention. These include: We need to honestly assess our risks and act to protect ourselves. Slides and Notes for ... 第 29 页 共 37 页 12/9/14, 3:31 PM
We need to develop our communication skills so that we can discuss risks and prevention with our partner or potential partner. You cannot accurately evaluate your risk if you don't communicate with your partner or partners to assess your risk. We may need to have information on HIV testing. If we have engaged in high-risk behavior, we may want to be tested for our own peace of mind and that of our partner. If we test positive for HIV, we need to make important decisions regarding our health, sexual behavior, and lifestyle. Lastly, if we are sexually active with more than one long-term, exclusive partner, we need to start using condoms correctly and consistently. Male latex and polyurethane condoms, latex barriers, dental dams, and surgical gloves, when used consistently and correctly, can greatly reduce the risk of HIV and other STIs. Image: McGraw Hill Prevention Lecture Notes Slides and Notes for ... 第 30 页 共 37 页 12/9/14, 3:31 PM
One analysis measures the annual rate of HIV transmission in the United States. This measure, the HIV transmission rate, represents the annual number of new HIV infections transmitted per 100 individuals living with HIV. The researchers found that the HIV transmission rate has declined dramatically since the early days of the epidemic. HIV/AIDS is still seen by many people as a disease of "marginalized" groups, those who are outside the mainstream of American life. Groups of people based on their race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, substance use, or certain sexual behaviors are often blamed for the epidemic. Assigning blame not only stigmatizes people in those groups, but those assigning the blame often do not scrutinize their own risk. This is a big obstacle to HIV prevention. Syringe exchange programs also play an important role. Syringe exchange programs allow injection drug users to drop off their dirty syringes used for drugs, in exchange for free, clean syringes. Research
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- Spring '08