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difficult in terms of revenue recognition. This method recognizes income when it is earned, asopposed to when the money comes in. This method can be very beneficial to any businessthrough proper budgeting and strategizing because they are able to deduct business expenses.Tax Effects on Cash FlowEven though Bob must pay over $1,000,000 in taxes, his proceeds will still be plenty tostart his used car business. As an individual’s income rises, so does their marginal tax rate.Since Bob just sold his land for $9,000,000, his marginal tax rate will be higher. By starting hisbusiness this year, Bob can counterbalance his taxable liability. If he documents everything hebuys for his business, he can deduct those amounts from his tax return. IRC § 195 states that$10,000 of the costs of starting a business, for the taxable year, may be deducted from the annual
MEMO W/ APPENDIX8tax return. Also, considering that Bob is interested in giving some of his proceeds to hisdaughter, he could give a percentage of his proceeds from the sale of land to her. By doing thishe would decrease his AGI for the following year (26 I.R.C § 170).Salary or Cash DistributionWhen choosing between a salary or cash distribution, the structure of the business plays abig factor in which would be appropriate. In a single member limited liability company (LLC),all of the profits would go directly to Bob. This business structure would allow Bob to have theindependence that a sole proprietorship would offer, but it would still preserve his assets. Withthis type of business structure, Bob could file business taxes on his personal return. Consideringall profits go directly to Bob, he would be able to withdraw cash from the profits of his businessto compensate himself. He also has the option of taking an owner draw to give to his daughter.In a single member LLC, cash distribution is the absolute best option. Cash distribution is bestbecause all of Bob’s owner draws will be considered personal taxable income.A single member LLC is the other business structure that would work well for Bob. Organizing his LLC as an S-Corp would be a good alternative. The advantage of utilizing a S-Corp would be that it is a combination of having a partnership and corporation. Another perk of an S-Corp is that all proceeds will go to Bob and his shareholders, just like an LLC. Under the business structure, however, salary distribution is the optimal choice since salary expenses are deductible.
MEMO W/ APPENDIX9AppendixForm 1040: See attached.Schedule and Tax Form: See attached.Professional AdviceAfter thoroughly reviewing Mr. Jones’ business, there are a few items of great importancethat we shall focus on. Mr. Jones earned a capital gain of $6,550,000 from the sale of land andthis greatly affects his tax liability. Due to the affect on tax liability, we would suggest a 1031exchange. By using a 1031 exchange, we can defer the sale of land by exchanging it for propertythat is similar. If Mr. Jones decides to utilize the exchange, his long-term capital gain will not berecognized.