But in 1887, Edison’s company added electric motors. W.K.L. Dickson Helped create the Kinetoscope Formed the American Mutoscope company Edwin Porter Representation of subjectivity vs. objective/physical space Porter used special effects to represent subjectivity in his “Dream of a Rarebit Fiend” (1906) Cross Cutting was typified in films of Edwin Porter Was a film projectionist and an expert at building photographic equipment He was the most important American filmmaker of this early period and was also contributed to an industry wide concentration on fiction filmmaking. American Mutoscope The mutoscope was a penny in the slot machine with a crank that turned a drum containing a series of photographs. It had a circular arrangement of cards, each of which flipped down and was briefly held still to create the illusion of movement. It was patented by Casler The company had programs playing theatres around the country and touring with vaudeville shows. They dominated the peepshow side of film exhibition as well. American Vitagraph They began producing popular films relating t the Spanish-American War. Were threatened with patent and copyright infringement lawsuits by Edison, but survived by agreeing to cooperate with Edison. They made films for the Edison firm and in tern dealing in Edison films itself AM&B’s 1902 legal triumph over Edison allowed Vitagraph to expand production. There was a reduced risk of lawsuits throughout the industry by establishing that Edison’s patents did not coverall types of motion-picture equipment. Were important in making artistically innovative films. D. W. Griffith Premiere producer at American Biograph vm100 study sheet 1, p. 6
Annie Yan Conventional editing of scene: Long shot Medium Close up Broke the Proscenium Arch Style Was one of the most important silent film directors Directed “The Birth of a Nation” C. B. DeMille Religious epics: The King of Kings , Samson and Delilah , and The Ten Commandments (1956). He blended spectacle, sex, and spellbinding narrative to convey a message of faith. Created the image of the omnipotent director, megaphone in hand, wearing boots and a visored cap One of the first to use theatrical lighting on a movie set Founder of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Thomas Ince Contributed to the move toward efficiency in studio filmmaking, particularly the use of the continuity script to control production “Civilisation” (1916) was notable as one of a number of pacifist films made in the years before America entered WW1 The Serial Served as the main attraction in many theatres during the 1910s. A transitional form between the one-reeler and the feature film.
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- Spring '08
- Annie Yan