Plane tank and artillery construction was slow in ww

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plane, tank, and artillery construction was slow in WW I America was no arsenal of democracy - Americans were transported on British ships, wore British style helmets, and fought with French ordnance C. War Industries Board responsible for conversion to war footing Barnard Baruch head of the WIB responsibilities: allocated scarce materials, standardized production, fixed prices, and coordinating purchasing D. Liberty and Victory loan drives pay for war V. Propaganda and Civil Liberties A. Wilson’s war aims: mobilize public opinion inspire Americans to work for a better world B. Committee on Public Information – headed by George Creel - depicted war as a crusade for freedom and democracy and a hatred of all things German C. control dissidents two acts were passed: Espionage Act- aiding the enemy or obstructing recruiting Sedition Act - made “saying anything” to discourage the purchase of war bonds a crime illegal to “utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language” about the government, Constitution, or the military VI. Minorities in Wartime A. most feminists supported the war - expectation of new jobs and possibility of obtaining the right to vote B. more 500,000 blacks migrated North seeking jobs in defense industry C. blacks also drafted into military - fought in segregated units few black commissioned officers - highest ranking black Colonel Charles Young medically discharged over the possibility of commanding white troops rode on horseback form Ohio to Washington DC. To prove he was medically fit
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3 E. most famous black regiment 369th Infantry Regiment “Hell Fighters from Harlem”: spent 191 days in combat, never lost a foot of ground, never lost a man as prisoner of war, and was the first Allied unit to reach the Rhine, and the entire regiment won the French Croix de Guerre VII. Over There A. first major engagement AEF drove Germans from Chateau-Thierry and Belleau Wood B. Argonne Forest - bloodiest battle fought by US Sgt. Alvin C. York 82d Infantry Division-captured 132 troops Medal of Honor winner C. November 11, 1918 Allies force Germans sign armistice VIII. Peace A. Paris Versailles B. 14 Points: (Wilson’s plan for peace) open diplomacy, freedom of the seas removal of barriers to international trade education of armaments self determination for the nationalities Wilson hoped maintain peace through a League of Nations Wilson headed the American delegation C. Big Four: Woodrow Wilson-US President David Lloyd George-British Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau-French Premier Vittorio Orlando-Italian Prime Minister D. Treaty of Versailles: force Germany to admit responsibility for the war pay $33 billion in reparations IX. The Battle for Ratification A. majority of senators favored Treaty and League of Nations B. opposition lead by Republican Henry Cabot Lodge Wilson refused to compromise - went on national speaking tour to gather support suffers stroke refusal of Wilson and Lodge to compromise dooms treaty US doesn’t ratify Treaty of Versailles, doesn’t join LON
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