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Germany hyperinflation discontent over versailles

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-Germany: Hyperinflation, discontent over Versailles, Dolchstosslegende/stab In the back myth, fascism-France: Domestic political polarization-Britain and US: Strong anti-war, pacifist sentiment-Italy: Rise of Mussolini and Fascism in 1922-Japan: Emperor, military, late modernizer and status incongruity-The Road to WWII: Significant Events-The Washington Conference (1921): set US, Britain, Japan battleship tonnage at 5:5:3 ratio-Kellogg-Briand Act (1928) to outlaw war: signed by leading states, but largely ineffective-The League of Nation’s repeated failures-“Slow, cautious, and totally ineffective” – Nye-The Manchurian Failure (1931-33)-The Ethiopian Debacle (1935)-The Path to War: “Peace for our time” – Chamberlain 1938-Germany-Hitler becomes Chancellor (1933)-Remilitarization of the Rhineland (1936)-Anschluss of Austria (1938)-Munich Conference (1938)-Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression act (08/24/1939)-Polish Invasion (09/01/1939)-Battle of Britain-Key role of radar, spotters, and “home field advantage”-German Air Forces August 1940: 1,700 planes , 800 bombers and 900 fighters-British Air Forces August 1940: 800 fighters (306 Spitfires), 450 bombers-July-August: Battle of attrition over the Channel; Luftwaffe lost twice as many planes as the British-Aug.-Sept: Germans began to target radar installations, airfields. Britain lost 211 Spitfires and Hurricanes inten days to about 280 German losses.-Sept. Germans targeted aircraft factories with some success, but the loss ratio climbed back to nearly two toone. Winter forced Germany to put off any invasion of Britain.-Sept. 1940-May 1941 Germans targeted London and other cities, killing 40,000 but failing to destroy moraleor productive capacity-Britain retaliated with air raids on Berlin
-In all since July 1940, the Luftwaffe lost roughly 2,400 aircraft but failed to gain air superiority or to terrorizethe British people into submission.-What’s the best strategy to avoid war? Revisionist vs. Status Quo States

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Term
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Professor
AndrewBennett

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