Organized caravans for 25 years before starting insurgency The Quran Koran Sent

Organized caravans for 25 years before starting

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Organized caravans for 25 years before starting insurgency.
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The Qur’an (Koran) ‘Sent down ’ over a period of 22 years. Gabriel’s appearance and revelation of surahs (chapters) Qur’an literally means ‘to read’ or ‘to recite’ The official text came under third caliph, Uthman Each chapter is preceded by bism-illahi ar-rahman ar-rahim (in the name of God, the All-merciful, the Compassionate) Commentary on Koran: Tafsir (10th C. onward)
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The Five Pillars Five requirements: 1. Shahada , witness (no god but Allah) and Muhammad is his rasul (messenger). 2. Salat , prayers, five times a day 3. Zakat (tax), obligatory, to the needy 4. Sawm (fasting), during Ramadan 5. Hajj , a pilgrimage to Mecca
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Prayer In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all Being, The All-mericful, the All-compassionate, the Master of the Day of Doom. Thee only we serve; to Thee alone we pray for succor. Guide us in the straight path, the path of those whom Thou has blessed, not of those against whom Thou art wrathful, nor of those who are astray (Qur’an 1. 1-7)
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After the Prophet Life guided by Qur’an and Hadiths Leadership crisis after Muhammad. Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman. Those who accepted Ali as the leader after Uthman are Shi’a, and those who accepted Mu’awiyah as their leader, Sunni. Expansion of Islam came through war Jijya , a tax for non-believers on Allah
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Shari’a Shari’a = duties, ‘law’. Based on Qur’an and Sunna , the customs of Muhammad A requirement of ijma , consensus Qiyas , or analogy (if differences found) Hainfite school also includes ra’y , personal opinion
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