Each re working consists of a narrative of the

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Each re-working consists of a narrative of the incident with more or fewer interruptions and wider or narrower scope (e.g. some versions narrate events up to the day of statement-taking and others only those on the day of the murder); Each re-working proceeds rather differently, in some the witness talks most and the interviewer rarely interrupts whilst in others the interviewer dominates; Finally, each re-working is functionally different from the others, in some the witness is encouraged to talk whilst others centre on joint text production and result in a written text (notes or the final statement). In the interview devoted to collecting this statement this statement this ‘versioning’ was realised in the structure outlined in figure 3: Version 1 – The witness’s offer The witness narrates the event with minimal intervention from the interviewer, who only contributes five turns. In one he says “mm hm” and in another “OK carry on”. The interviewer only asks three questions throughout this version. The audio-recording suggests that the interviewer made some notes during version 1. Version 2 – Co-construction Here, the interviewer asks questions about the event, locations and actors. He has 257 turns. The witness provides answers of greatly varying lengths to questions and rarely initiates topics. This version most closely resembles the activity which tends to be called interviewing. The audio-recording suggests that the interviewer made extensive notes during version 2. Version 3 – Note-checking In this phase the interviewer feeds back information to the witness who confirms that the information is correct or offers corrections. The statement-taker also requests further detail on specific points. In this phase the interviewer has 76 turns. The audio-recording suggests that the interviewer used notes taken during version 2 as a basis for a text produced during version 3 which appears to be a first version of the statement text. Version 4 – Text construction The interviewer now drafts the statement aloud. He constructs the written text sentence- by-sentence and as he writes or prepares to write each sentence he recites his planned text, implicitly requesting, and usually receiving, confirmation from the witness each time. This version is therefore similar to the final statement. Figure 3. The structure of this statement O r i e n t a t i o n t a l k O r i e n t a t i o n t a l k O r i e n t a t i o n t a l k O r i e n t a t i o n t a l k
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Therefore each version uses written texts differently, in some the written text helps to structure the verbal interaction and in others the creation of the written text almost becomes a participant, taking turns in talk Komter (forthcoming).
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