Reciprocity: Another strong predictor of attraction is reciprocity, meaning believing the other person likes us. People often report starting a friendship or dating relationship because the other person liked them. Believing that someone likes you can also lead to greater self-disclosure over time. Situational Factors : Interpersonal attraction can be influenced by very non-romantic factors, such as the situation. This section will describe three situational factors that impact interpersonal attraction: proximity, physiological arousal, and the contrast effect. Proximity: People are attracted to those who are familiar to us . You are more likely to meet and get to know--and therefore become attracted to--people who live or work near you. Attraction caused by proximity is also due to the familiarity that comes with seeing these people over time. The more we are exposed to something, the more we like it, a phenomenon called mere exposure.
Another explanation for the impact of proximity on attraction is ease of maintaining the relationship. Physiological Arousal: Another situational predictor of attraction is physiological arousal, which can lead to excitation transfer: occurs when the arousal caused by one stimulus is added to the arousal from a second stimulus and the combined arousal is attributed to the second stimulus. Contrast effect : Another situational factor that can influence interpersonal attraction is the attractiveness of the people to which you are comparing a potential dating partner. Can have a strong impact on ratings of attractiveness. Predictors of Attraction in Friendship: Many predictors of interpersonal attraction in romantic relationships also predict attraction in friendships. Similarity is a strong predictor of attraction and satisfaction in friendships. Proximity is another strong predictor of attraction in friendships. Break? Homework: take the online test: What is Love? This section will examine three distinct theories about love: 1. The passionate-companionate model 2. Triangular theory 3. The love styles theory Passionate-companionate model : One of the earliest theories of love focused on the difference between passionate love and companionate love.
Passionate love is an intense, exciting, and all-consuming type of love, which includes cognitions, emotions, and behavior. Companionate love is a more stable, calm, and dependable type of love. Passionate love tends to be highest in the early stages of romantic relationships, and then shows a small decline over time. How are these different types of love associated with relationship satisfaction? Couples who have greater companionate love experience greater relationship satisfaction and longevity. Greater passionate love is also associated with higher levels of satisfaction.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 14 pages?
- Spring '14