mandate local government’s authorities to plan for tourism development. Also, because there is no office at the Accra Metropolitan Assembly for tourism planning and development, Ghana Tourism Authority has taken the responsibility to plan for tourism industry in Ghana. This may explain the reason why tourism promotion through television channels, radio stations and newspaper outlets are carried out by the Ghana Tourism Authority and the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts. This further constraint the local government to employ and train local tourist guards to protect and keep destinations safe and attractive. It can be deduced that the limited role of local government authority in tourism promotion is due to the fact that the Local Government Act, 2016 (Act, 936) has not mandated local governments in Ghana to strategically plan and develop the tourism sector, and the situation that trigger the Ghana Tourism Authority to assume the greatest responsibility. However, the need to keep the destinations clean falls within the broader role of the citizens, but this role has been neglected making the destinations unattractive to be promoted. This finding confirm the assertion that local governments derive their mandate from the relevant state constitutions and various local government acts, and receive financial transfers from central governments, which sometimes makes it difficult for them to function effectively (Ruhanen, 2013). 4.1.2 Infrastructural Development It came up strongly that Ministry of tourism facilitate tourism development through the provision of infrastructure at the destinations. Thus, they facilitate access to roads, hotel accommodation. The infrastructural development at the destinations provides environment that attracts private investors into tourism industry. The human resource Manager of ministry tourism intimated that: “We facilitate the putting up of residential and recreational facilities at the destinations by private operators. The building of restaurants, hotel accommodation and other facilities demand that the operators get permit from the AMA. We also assist private sector operators to be able to access loans from the banks for infrastructural development at the destinations”. Due to Ghana’s democratic consolidation and relative peace steadiness in the sub-region coupled with rich cultural heritage, the number of international tourists and holiday makers keep increasing every year. Also, Ghana has become a host of most international and regional conferences as well as
students’ exchange programmes. These international and domestic guests tend to take their leisure at the tourism sites which put demands on few facilities at the destinations. The facilitative role of governments is important because of the fact that private operators need permits from the local government authority to be able to operate their business. However, inadequate resources have constrained ministry of tourism to purposefully plan and to facilitate tourism destinations, boost entrepreneurial environment to promote local economic development
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- Fall '18
- DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
- Ministry of Tourism, Ghana Tourism Authority