Madison influenced constitution majority o tactics to

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Madison = influenced Constitution majority o Tactics to bring about: Dramatize issues Patriotism – play on people’s ideas Spokesman – GEORGE WASHINGTON & BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Sneaky, stealthy Had to promote fixing A.o.C. when they wanted to start from scratch o Tactics to Manage: Take control of agenda – Virginia Plan (representative population votes; large states) & elect George Washington New Jersey Plan (each state has one vote regardless of population; small states) Protect the participants (no say anything outside the room)
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Delegation Great Compromise => bicameral legislation (House & Senate) 3/5 Compromise => slaves count as 3/5 of a person to count for voting population be vague / nonspecific leave room for change Amendment Process (27 times bc 27 amendments) o Propose 2/3 Congress 2/3 states to call national convention o Ratify ¾ by convention ¾ by legislation ----------- Constitution o “reconciling the irreconcilable” = creating a gov w/ power in the people’s hands even though people trustworthy AND making the gov powerful w/o being too powerful o Slow at solving problems quickly bc the judicial branch is too subjective / interpretive Direct Democracy: where THE PEOPLE decide on policies Representative Democracy: the people decide on REPRESENTATIVES who decide on policies o we have this one Horizontal Division: separation of powers o each branch has certain powers o some powers are checks on other branches Vertical Division: federalism (separation of state and national government) o Enumerated powers – only federal Ex: war, coin money, regulate o Concurrent powers – both o State powers – only state ----------- Federalism o 20 th century factors causing it to grow: 16 th amendment (income tax) Great Depression New Deal Great Society
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o Clauses for Fed. Gov . in Constitution:
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  • Fall '19
  • representative,  Ideology,  Ppl  members of a group

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