Since the end of World War II there have been more than four hundred wars

Since the end of world war ii there have been more

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Since the end of World War II, there have been more than four hundred wars. Worldwide, wars now kill about 1.6 million people a year. Also, many millions more die of starvation and other war-related causes. How many wars are going on right now? 15 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Wars and Armed Conflicts in progress… Syria Afghanistan Pakistan Iraq Nigeria South Sudan Libya D.R. Congo Israel and Gaza Ukraine Burma (Myanmar) Burundi …… PHIL12-JINSUN PARK 16
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Why go to War? Self-defense against aggression, Expansion of one’s territory, Humanitarian intervention, Ideological or religious motives, Preventive or Preemptive war …… Question: Do you think all wars are unjust, some wars are just and some unjust, or all wars I can think of have been justifiable? 17 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Three main positions on the ethical justification of war Realism Pacifis m Just war theory PHIL12-JINSUN PARK 18
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Realism Morality does not apply in the context of war (amoral). Morality is irrelevant to actions occurring in war. The goal is to win. “If terror bombing works, then it should be used, but if it does not work, then it should be avoided.” PHIL12-JINSUN PARK 19 “If we had lost the war [WWII], we’d all have been prosecuted as war criminals [of bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima in August 1945] .” Former Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara in The Fog of War (documentary, 2003)
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Pacifism The opposition to the use of violence. (absolute and selective pacifism) Respect for persons, including the enemy, and the recognition of a common humanity e.g. Gandhi (1869-1948): “violence only begets further violence.” What are strengths and weaknesses of (absolute) pacifism? 20 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Realism Pacifism 21 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK No moral limits in warfare. War is always wrong.
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Just War Theory A doctrine that gives criteria that a war must meet if it is justified. “Some political theories die and go to heaven; some, I hope, die and go to hell. But some have a long life in this world ….” (Michael Walzer, 455) 22 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Just War Theory Jus ad Bellum + Jus in Bello (justness of going to war + justness in war) St. Augustine c. 400 CE St. Augustine c. 400 CE Medieval Jurists Medieval Jurists Hague and Geneva Conventions 20 th Century Hague and Geneva Conventions 20 th Century 23 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Jus ad Bellum : The just conditions for going into a war Just Cause Proportionality Last Resort Right Intention (Legitimate authority and public declaration) 24 PHIL12-JINSUN PARK
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Just Cause PHIL12-JINSUN PARK 25 1. Protection from external attack? 3. Preventing a nation from obtaining nuclear weapons? 2. Ridding another country of a despotic and dangerous leader? ?????
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