Martin, Crucible of Zapatismo.pdf

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27AGN, Bienes Nacionales, Vol. 1215, exp. 1. This content downloaded from 131.94.16.10 on Tue, 09 Oct 2018 15:47:10 UTC All use subject to
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CHERYL E. MARTIN 41 Solares, lieutenant of the alcalde ma preventing the brothers from building a But the brotherhood's wily provinci Indians' protest by cleverly manipulati New Spain. Although founded by a laym based its claim to thefuero, or immunity fact that the order had been confirmed a several papal bulls and upheld as such by Brother Roz6n immediately complained that the Indians had violated ecclesiast Grasping the opportunity to enhance hi of civil officials, the provisor ordered Li Indians' brief to his court for review. would comply, the alcalde mayor o Arteaga y Sotomayor, intervened in th the dam to cease immediately, and arreste to construct it. When Brother Roz6n not contempt of ecclesiastical court, the jud withdraw from the case. When Arteaga court ruled in favor of the hip61litos' clai original complaint of the Oaxtepec Ind tangle of conflicting jurisdictions bet Mexico City, civil officials of the M Audiencia of Mexico. Brother Roz6n's the court system bears more resemblance unintended type of oppression seen by preceding the Porfiriato.28 In 1691 the Brothers of San Hip61ito another skirmish between civil and ecc began when the alcalde mayor of Las Am slaves after several local creditors ha creditors were thirteen of the ingenio's s ranged from four pesos and seven reales Jose de Mansilla, to 342 pesos owe Arizabaleta. Again, ecclesiastical autho jurisdiction over all complaints against remained unmoved when Alcalde M explained that some of the creditors m 28AGN, Hospitales, Vol. 32, exp. 15; AGN, Clero R Tierras, Vol. 3082, exp. 2. This content downloaded from 131.94.16.10 on Tue, 09 Oct 2018 15:47:10 UTC All use subject to
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42 HACIENDA HOSPITAL brothers' pretense to clerical immunity conduct costly litigation in the eccle where fees might easily cancel out any judge failed to appreciate the irony of Dominican monastery of Cuautla had pesos from the ingenio. Whatever the symbolic value of this l tical status, in practical terms it mat Hip61lito whether an ecclesiastical or ci revenues among irate creditors. But for outcome of this dispute carried consid predictably ruled that their complaints and the audiencia upheld his dictum, th themselves to the prospect of expensiv appointed attorneys to continue the resting in the hands of remote tribuna even understood.29 The early history of Hacienda Hospital suggests that future study of pre-Porfirian Morelos may yield significant modifications of existing interpretations. Certainly Chevalier's view of the wealthy ecclesiastical landlord cannot be applied indiscriminately, especially to landowners dealing in a product as subject to price fluctuations as sugar, and in an economy as complex as that of seventeenth century Mexico. Womack's interpretation, while certainly more accurate than Chevalier's, underestimates the determination of the ambitious men who led the
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  • Spring '14
  • AnitaC.Pritchard
  • Viceroyalty of New Spain, Bienes Nacionales, Cheryl English Martin, HACIENDA HOSPITAL

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