Which term recognizes that juveniles are influenced

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19) Which term recognizes that juveniles are influenced by social opportunities andstructural constraints, and makepersonal choices from among the options that they believe they are facing?A) high-risk behavior B) human agency C) delinquency D) antisocial behaviorAnswer: B20) The three themes in the study of delinquency are delinquency prevention, delinquency
across the life course,and delinquency and ________.21) ________ identifies appropriate methods to collect data, helps to identify concepts to be
studied, tests ideas fortheir impact on the subject under study, analyzes related concepts, and suggests newdirections for theorizing.22)Miller v. Alabama(2016) made retroactive the end of life without parole for those
sentenced as juveniles.23) Adolescence is considered to be the years between ages 11 and 17.
A) TrueB) FalseAnswer: B24) Until child labor laws were actually enforced, children as young as ages four and five
worked in mines, mills,and factories.25) High-risk youths typically do not have educational and vocational skill deficits.
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26) The average American delinquent today is far more likely to commit a serious violentcrime than to commitpetty theft.27) Status offenses would be defined as criminal if adults committed them.
A) TrueB) FalseAnswer: B28) Juvenile court codes exist in every state.
29) The juvenile court may intervene in cases involving dependency and neglect.
30) The age at which a youthful offender is no longer treated as a juvenile is consistentacross the states.
31) Status offenders frequently come from single-parent homes and often engage in verbaland physical abusedirected toward the parent(s).A) TrueB) FalseAnswer: A32) The deinstitutionalization of status offenders has received considerable pushback in the
past few decades.33) Meda Chesney-Lind and Linda Pasko argue that the juvenile justice system
discriminates against girls.34) Public whippings and expulsion from the community were common punishments for
chronic offenders duringthe Reform Agenda era.

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Term
Winter
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Tags
juvenile courts

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