to Canada 15 million Spain protested that the sale was illegal no consensus on

To canada 15 million spain protested that the sale

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to Canada) … $15 million Spain protested that the sale was illegal … no consensus on western border (Spain said the west border was only 100 miles west of the MS River whereas Jefferson argued it was ~800 miles west) … French negotiator let U.S. decide where the border would be 1803 – U.S. took formal control of the Louisiana Purchase, doubling the country in size on paper o Jefferson launched 4 gov.-financed expeditions to est. relationships w/ Indian tribes + determine Spanish influence/presence Lecture notes: Conflict between farmers and French over trade James Monroe and Robert Livingston o Sent by Jefferson to meet w/ military dictator Napoleon Bonepart
o Offers $10 million for Port of New Orleans o Napoleon offers North America French territory for $15 million in hopes of reconquering North America altogether Jefferson realizes constitution does not include anything about president purchasing land James Madison The election of 1808 o James Madison = republican candidate chosen by party caucuses vs. Pinckney (support for the Federalists = still in New England) … Madison won w/ 122 votes War of 1812 Non-Intercourse Act – replaced Jefferson’s embargo in 1809; prohibited trade only w/ Britain and France + their colonies (restored trade w/ other European countries … alleviated tension among commercial peoples) o By 1811 – country = divided/verge of war The War Hawks o Led by congressmen Henry Clay of KY (elected Speaker of the House) and John C. Calhoun of SC (seat on Foreign Relations Committee); mostly lawyers/expansionists o Welcomed a war w/ Britain to justify attacks on Indians + end impressment … approved major defense expenditures (army grew by 4x) June, 1812 – war declared on Britain; vote divided along sectional lines: o New England + some Middle Atlantic states opposed the war o South + West favored the war The War in the North – proposed by War Hawks, confident in victory; war lasted 2.5 years in Canada which never fell o Revealed America’s unpreparedness for war against British/Indians o Made worse by federalist disloyalty (New Englanders were slow in preparing troops/illegally traded w/ Britain) The War in the South and the Creek War
Lecture notes: War Hawks – for war (new generation of men = extreme nationalists) o John C. Calhoun of SC – elite class, big plantation, many slaves; enters politics and ends up serving as Jackson’s VP o Henry Clay of KY – involved in state and later national politics; motivated by industry (not farming) o Daniel Webster of MA – involved in politics; opposes slavery o Andrew Jackson Era of Good Feeling Lecture notes: Land expansion during James Monroe’s presidency; Federalist party dies out; Democratic-Republican party o 1. Conflict w/ Europe ended o 2. Only 1 political party U.S. and British decide border w/ Canada is @ 49 th parallel successfully Protective Tariff American System Lecture notes: Developed by Henry Clay Wanted to encourage internal improvements in U.S. via factory systems,

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