C upes not for reproduction sale unit 1 airport

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(c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 1: Airport Surface Operations Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Figure 1.11: Approach Lighting Systems Types of Approach Lights Following Approach Lighting Systems (ALSs) are used. 1. Green threshold lights mark the beginning of the runway. 2. A long line of lead-in lights aligned with the runway centre- line. The lead-in lights extend from the end of the runway into the approach area. 3. Alignment bars perpendicular to the lead-in lights that help the pilot quickly determine if the airplane is properly aligned with the runway. (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management Obstacle Markings and Lighting These lights can be seen on the high-rise buildings and tall chimneys, TV Antennas, HT Lines acting as an alert warning for aircraft flying in the area. For aircraft flying during night or in poor visibility, flashing or fixed lights are installed on such structures (depicted in Figure 1.12). Source: Figure 1.12: Obstacle Markings and Lighting Check Your Progress Fill in the blanks: 1. Top Priority for landing should be given to the aircraft …………… . 2. The Taxiway markings are shown by broken white lines and the colour of taxiway edge lights is ……………. . (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 1: Airport Surface Operations Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Summary This unit explains the airport surface operations. An airport consists of a terminal building, runway, taxiways, apron, air traffic control, hangar, radio navigational aids, etc. Specifications related to these have been discussed in the unit. The various parts of a runway have been identified and described in this unit. Lesson End Activity Prepare a research paper on Modelling Airport Surface Safety. Keywords Airport: A tract of levelled land where aircraft can take off and land, usually equipped with hard-surfaced landing strips, a control tower, hangars, aircraft maintenance and refuelling facilities, and accommodations for passengers and cargo. Runway: A strip of hard ground along which aircraft take off and land. Taxiway: A route along which an aircraft can taxi when moving to or from a runway. Apron: It is usually the area where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refuelled or boarded. Questions for Discussion 1. Describe the functioning of a Visual Approach Slope Indicator System (VASIS) or a Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI). 2. What are the different types of aircraft emergencies? 3. What are the actions taken by various ground agencies to handle aircraft emergencies? Further Readings Books Airports Authority of India ATS Manual. Deb, Sushant, Developing Safety Management Standard for Commercial Airports , Schiel & Denver Publishing Limited, 2011 (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual (ICAO Doc 9157), Part 1 - Runways, Part 2 - Taxiways, Aprons and Holding Bays, Part 3 - Pavements, Part 4 - Visual Aids, Part 5 - Electrical Systems.
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  • Fall '19
  • Instrument approach, Runway, Rajiv, Aviation Safety & Security Management

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