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DSST Fundamentals of counseling

The idea of integrating the three levels of human

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Unformatted text preview: The idea of integrating the three levels of human experience is called Eclecticism. While there are many specialized models of psychological development, the ultimate approach likely involves a little bit from each one of the theories. Ecclectic practitioners have learned what works best from each model and for which situations and they use the best of all the theories to help the client grow and develop as a person. Technical eclecticism requires looking at many different approaches and then choosing a set of techniques to use and adopt. This collection of techniques can be used without necessarily subscribing to one ideology and the “bag of tricks” can be modified depending on the client and the situation. Theoretical integration refers to the practice of creating a new conceptual framework that borrows ideas from different theories to make a “new” theory. Theoretical integration is more than just a collection of techniques. It involves synthesizing different theories and then combining those theories in such a way as to develop a new construct to follow. The assumption is that the combination of ideas will be better than either of the theories standing on its own. The Common Factors approach searches different theories for similarities and common elements. These factors are then surmised and developed into a core set of variables that need to exist in an effective counseling model. The premise is that since these factors appear across many different orientations, their significance must be greater than the other factors where there is a great deal of disagreement. Spirituality is described as a capacity and tendency that is innate and unique to all people that moves the individual toward knowledge, love, meaning, transcendence, and connectedness. Spirituality is gaining much attention in counseling and it is an intensely personal and subjective concept. This makes it very hard to study but the consensus seems to be that open and honest discussion about spirituality may be required in effective counseling relationships, particularly if the client expresses a concern related to it. This does not mean that the client and counselor must agree on spiritual issues, they should, however, be aware of each other’s particular beliefs. Spirituality and counseling have similar goals emphasizing self acceptance, forgiveness, accepting personal responsibility, and letting go of destruction behavior patterns. Because spiritual issues play such a large part in human existence, separating spiritual ideals from the counseling environment is unnecessary and almost impossible. Spirituality should be used to enhance the therapeutic relationship and foster a healing process that combines the strength of both....
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