• Limited mobility. • Motivated by political interests.
Caste system • Based on heritage. • No mobility. • Motivated by religious interests
Class system Based on economic position. Supposedly loose mobility. Motivated by economic interests. May be defined by many factors, such as money or culture. Relational – determined by place in the market Marx – Proletariat vs. bourgeoisie Erik Olin Wright – contradictory class locations Weber – Gradated class locations, distinguished by economic value of assets
Status Hierarchy system Based in social prestige. Supposedly loose mobility. Motivated by societal perceptions. High status groups are communities with highly revered lifestyles. Often tied to occupation. Relatively stable over time.
Elite-Mass Dichotomy system Based on “merit.” Supposedly loose mobility. Vilfredo Pareto’s positive view: Elites lead society because they are most qualified to do so. C. Wright Mills’ negative view: Power overly centralized in three main institutions: economic, political and military.
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- Spring '08