American Foreign Policy Notes

They emphasize us political and military power and

This preview shows page 81 - 83 out of 95 pages.

They emphasize US political and military power and America’s too frequent disregard for the sovereignty of other countries US does not respect borders and instead engages in military ventures o Radical These actors tend to criticize the very basis of American society. They want to see a revolutionary transformation of the US Two Examples: 1. The Communist radicals from the Cold War who opposed America because of capitalist system 2. Islamist radicals today o Elite There are certain countries where the elite has had a long history of looking down on American culture Classic Example: France Ordinary French people love American culture. They love American music, McDonalds o Legacy People who remember “sins” of the US Examples: US was involved in a Coup in Iran and in Guatemala, support for dictators ° Chiozza Looked at a survey from 2002 to gauge Anti-Americanism Looked at 44 countries 43% of respondents had a somewhat favorable view of the US, 21% were extremely favorable Interesting finding: Attitudes are multidimensional o For example, 70% of respondents in Middle East had negative views
Image of page 81

Subscribe to view the full document.

of the US War on Terror but a large majority were positive about US innovations in science and technology. The most pro-American country in the world is Kosovo o Why? The Albanians see the US as having freed their country in late- 1990s What causes Anti-Americanism? Theorists speculate several different causes for the different types of Anti-Americanism Power o The disappearance of the USSR has freed up anti-US hostility. During the Cold War, there was plenty of resentment against US activity and USSR. o When the USSR dissolved, a rise in anti-Americanism appeared. o Problem with Thesis: If it was all about US power, you would expect that the big spike in Anti-Americanism should come in the 1990s Globalization o It helps some people, but many people are adversely impacted. Those who are adversely impacted resist the US. o This argument is problematic because some of the societies that are most effected by globalization are the most pro-American. Example: India It has been transformed by America in the last decades but is still pro-American Specific Policies o If you look at opinion polls in Europe, you can see that anti- Americanism peaked in Europe in the 1960s, 1980s, and early 2000s Shows that policies drive Anti-Americanism 1960s: Reaction to US war in Vietnam Early 1980s: Reaction against Reagan’s hard-line foreign policies Early 2000s: War on Terror and invasion of Iraq ° Criticism of Keohane/Katzenstein’s Book Book has often been criticized for minimizing references to the Bush administration and policy Joseph Nye’s Argument about Soft Power Soft power is a concept that has entered the mainstream discourse What does it mean?
Image of page 82
Image of page 83

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern