The Grand Inquisitor Work of Christ is at odds with the work of the church. Freedom versus security and comfort Three temptations – Bread (sustenance), Conscience (purpose), Unity (people to share the other two with) The Grand Inquisitor maintains that ignorance is bliss because the people do not have the strength to follow Christ anyway. This way, peasants enjoy worldly lives instead of having the burden of moral freedom. Christ remains silent throughout the text. Christ ends the dialogue by kissing the Grand Inquisitor; symbolizing the freedom that Christ has given the Grand Inquisitor. Meditations on First Philosophy Meditation One Deconstruction – base all thought on one indubitable fact Dream argument – difference in vivacity between reality and dreams Evil Demon Argument – unable to question reality Meditation Two Cogito ergo sum – I think therefore I am Sum res cogitans – I am a thing that thinks (metaphysical/epistemological) Wax Argument – intellect is superior to the senses Meditation Three Cartesian Circle – proves God’s existence using cause/effect; only God can cause our clear perceptions and distinctions of him to exist; our clear perceptions cause us to realize that God exists Meditation Four Levels of existence – ideas and reactions to ideas (volitions, emotions, judgments) Humans – Infinite, fallible free will; finite, infallible intellect Meditations Five and Six Dualism – existence of matter and ideas Existence – Minds exist if they think, bodies if they are extended Humans – minds with extended bodies that inexplicably allow us to perceive Senses – fallible, primary and secondary qualities Proslogion Ontological Argument – By definition, God is a being than which none greater can be imagined.
A being that necessarily