Interruptions in learning over the course of the

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interruptions in learning over the course of the school year. Additionally, students’ behavior may improve and cause fewer disruptions in the classroom, creating a better learning environment for each student in the class. Researchers generally find that a higher quality diet is associated with better performance on exams, and that programs focused on increasing students’ health also show modest improvements in students’ academic test scores. Other studies find that improving the quality of students’ diets leads to students being on task more often, increases math test scores, possibly increases reading test scores, and increases attendance. Moreover, eliminating the sale of soft drinks in vending machines in schools and replacing them with other drinks had a positive effect on behavioral outcomes such as tardiness and disciplinary referrals. Every student has the potential to do well in school. Failing to provide good nutrition puts them at risk for missing out on meeting that potential. (Just,2014) Studies on health nutrition have been mainly on hunger, malnutrition, and micronutrient deficiency. The top approach to learning diet has pointed on the contribution of individual nutrients or foods. Individuals, however, do not consume single nutrients but mixture of foods. In consisting the different facets and nature of diet, studies of the interrelations of nutrition and health have looked into the impact of overall diet quality using summary measures of food and nutrient intake. (Moralista,2016). There was congruent evidence that eating snacks was a common habit among university students while fruits and vegetable were not frequently consumed. Another study discovered that 5th grade students who ate more fast food fared worse on math and reading scores. Similarly, a study that analyzed a healthy eating campaign that banned junk food from schools and introduced healthier, freshly prepared school meals found that participating 24
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Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences
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Chapter 5 / Exercise 2
Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences
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students scored higher on English and science tests than students who did not take part in the campaign. ( Al-Rethaiaa, et.al. ,2010) Poor nutritional status is one of the major causes of low academic performance and productivity in primary education which may affect the physical and cognitive development in children during their early years of life. Identifying the variables that influence the achievement of school children is of great importance because it would serve as Oan essential tool for Nigerian Universal Basic Education Board and for other policymakers in the design of education policies. This would eventually lead to a rise in the quality of primary education and pupils nationally. Strong evidence exists that poor feeding practices are associated with stunted growth and delayed mental development and that there is a relationship between impaired growth status and both poor school performance and intelligence quotient (IQ). The relationship between timely and quality dietary intake, brain size, and academic performance has been documented and that a significant correlation exists between head circumference and IQ. This suggests that

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