ch12

Psychology in Action

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Evolutionary Psychology and Emotions "Evolutionary psychology is an approach to the psychological sciences in which principles and results drawn from evolutionary biology, cognitive science, anthropology, and neuroscience are integrated with the rest of psychology in order to map human nature. By human nature, evolutionary psychologists mean the evolved, reliably developing, species-typical computational and neural architecture of the human mind and brain. According to this view, the functional components that comprise this architecture were designed by natural selection to solve adaptive problems faced by our hunter-gatherer ancestors, and to regulate behavior so that these adaptive problems were successfully addressed (for discussion, see Cosmides & Tooby, 1987, Tooby & Cosmides, 1992).   S uggested F ilms and V ideos The Will to Win Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1993. 28 minutes. Examines determination to succeed-- in early childhood, on the playing field, in business--and ways the body responds to illness. Motivation and Emotion Annenberg/CPB, 1990. 30 minutes. From Zimbardo's "Discovering Psychology," this program explores why we act and feel as we do. The film compares our natural motives to seek pleasure versus society's need for restraint. Freud's, Rogers', and Maslow's beliefs about human motivation are explored, as well as Seligman's research on optimism and pessimism. Instructor’s Resource Guide              Chapter 12                                     Page   125
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Dying to Be Thin Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1995. 28 minutes. Presents a young woman obsessed with the desire to be thin. Four hospitalizations and years of outpatient therapy were necessary to overcome her problem. Characteristics of anorexia and bulimia are explored, with profiles of those most likely to develop eating disorders. Anorexia and Bulimia Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 19 minutes. Explores the addictive nature of eating disorders, and possible effects on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. The Famine Within Direct Cinema Limited, 1991. 90 minutes. This 90-minute film is well worth your class time. It is a powerful exploration of contemporary weight obsessions. The direct testimony of victims of eating disorders is combined with views of leading experts. Motivation Insight Media, 1990. 30 minutes. Using dramatic examples, this video examines why people think, behave, and make the choices the way they do. Motivational factors are explored including curiosity, need for achievement, and intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Examples of PET scanning to discover the brain's role in motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs are also presented.
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