95%(248)235 out of 248 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 29 - 31 out of 62 pages.
Reference:Brower & Sanders (2014). The World in the Twen:eth Century: From Empires to Na:ons,7th ed. VitalSource for DeVry University
6/6/16, 10:39 PMTopic Print ViewPage 30 of 62(NEXT(3c3bee7f86e642b292f…scending&isViewSelected=False&checkedIds=&isPrntVwSortReq=FalseRE: CharismaticLeaders and the ColdWarDale Dnetto 5/26/2016 6:49:30 PMGood evening Professor and classmates, In the year 1945, one major war ended and another began. This war was called the ‘ColdWar’, due to fact that there was no direct military campaigns, between the majorantagonistic players namely the Unites States and Soviet Union. This war lasted for 45years, during which time the two ideologies made distant countries their battle grounds,with the soul idea of gaining supremacy. Theaters as remote as Korea and Vietnam, Cubaand Grenada, Afghanistan and Angola, became battlegrounds between the two ideologies.During the post war period US became the leader of the free market capitalistworld, which was the opposite of Soviet communist, totalitarian ideology which desired toexpand. The US was determined that it would not retreat into its former isolationist stanceas long as there was a Cold War to wage.The three charismatic leaders that played key roles in the post war era that leadto the ‘cold war’, are British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, United States PresidentFranklin D Roosevelt and Soviet Union’s Premier Stalin.British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, was a strong and charismatic leader thatled Britain to victory during WW 11 and helped his country limp back to normalcy duringthe post war years. He also played a vital role during the beginning years of the cold war.In his famous ‘Iron Curtain’ speech in 1946, at Westminster College titled "The Sinews ofPeace."where Roosevelt was a private visitor, Churchill reiterated his fear of the spreadof the ideology of communism, which he felt strongly contributed to the rise if Hitler andthe destruction of Germany and almost half the world. He ended his speech with thesewords “On the contrary, there will be an overwhelming assurance of security. If we adherefaithfully to the Charter of the United Nations and walk forward in sedate and soberstrength seeking no one's land or treasure, seeking to lay no arbitrary control upon thethoughts of men; if all British moral and material forces and convictions are joined withyour own in fraternal association, the high-roads of the future will be clear, not only for usbut for all, not only for our time, but for a century to come” ()Stalin, a political name adopted when he was 34, meaning Man of Steel, studiedfor the priesthood under his real name, Dzhugashvili. Son of a shoe maker, he joinedthe Social Democratic party after being expelled from a theological school forinsubordination. After the RSDLP split in 1903, Stalin became a member ofthe Bolshevik party. During the civil war in Russia, Stalin ascended the ranks of the