Determined by biology later ages are determined by

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determined by biology; later ages are determined by other ways, less predictable  acquisition performance -Setting for Learning (Going to school): Motivation- social life/setting, not sound like foreigner People more likely to correct children’s grammar than adult’s, formality of  learning Input: formal/informal/amount/frequency of use Biological- less neural plasticity for learning Cognitive: memory/attentional capacities decline with age- performance -Factors determining ability to learn second language:
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-Are other factors besides age of arrival (biological effect) at play in affecting  performance, how big are the different roles. -number of years of education/age of arrival hard to tell effects because closely  related/paired 3/1 Non-Native Language Learning Factors Flege et al (1993)  240 Non-native speakers of English -Age of Arrival 3-21 Factors: - 3 years of education= highly negative correlation w/ age of arrival r=-0.92 - Estimated daily use; Korean, r= 0.66 / English, r= -0.56 Effect of years of education Matched A A 12  (K , E use) % correct (morph/syntax)
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  • Spring '10
  • negative correlation, Newport, Arrival, Language Learning ­Uniformity, ­language learning milestones

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Christopher Reinemann
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