This preview shows page 226 - 228 out of 392 pages.
To diffuse these tensions, the US and China played a constructive role. Since 9/11, the concept of security has also undergone a profound transformation. It has now evolved into a multi-dimensional phenomenon covering both traditional and non-traditional threats. The global war on terrorism, the growing US strategic cooperation with India coupled with upsurge in China’s economic relations and the regional developmentsin the Asia-Pacific have deeply impacted Pakistan-China relations. China has already become an important stakeholder in maintaining peace and security in South Asia owing to the expansion of its economic and trade relations with the countries of the region. For example, China is enormously investing in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which will connect Xingjian with Pakistan’s Gwadar deep sea port. China has also financed the building of the Gwadar port as well as a huge network of roads and railway tracks, hydro and thermal power, mining, electronics and nuclear energy. China initiated significant infrastructure development projects in Sri Lanka. Its companies are working to build a number of mega projects in Bangladesh and Nepal. In view of progression in geo-political affairs of the region, the prevalent strategic alignments were also revised. Pakistan received a status of non-NATO allay for its participation in the US-led war on terrorism as a frontline state. India and the US aligned to cooperate in tandem in extra-regional affairs and Indo-Pakistan relationship once again suffered a huge setback in the aftermath of the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai. The emergence of such events altered the conceptual geographical paradigm of South Asia. Pakistan’s security matrix confronted enormous problems in the post 9/11 regional developments, which engulfed the sovereignty of state and its territorial integrity due to drone attacks by the US and its strategic cooperation with India. In this precarious situation, both countries not only supported each other but also further progressed in advancing their bilateral strategic cooperation in the field of economy and defense. However, in spite of these substantial developments, there are some areas, such as anti-terrorism, Afghanistan and energy security, that added a new dimension to their strategic partnership. Some scholars such as Shamshad Ahmad, former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan; Liu Zongyi, a senior scholar at Shanghai Institutes for International Studies and Shahzad Akhtar, Research Associate at the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad, argued that the origin of the strategic cooperation between Pakistan and China was mainly India-centric. However, in the post-9/11 perspective, it can safely be said that several new factors have also contributed to the recent visible change in the nature and significance of Pakistan-China strategic relations. For instance: i. Emergence of China as a rising power and the Indo-US strategic alliance to contain China’s influence.
AINUDDIN KIBZAI Current Affairs-2020 ESHAAL KIBZAIIBIBZAI2