Are stereotypes avoided? How is the theme developed through text and illustrations? How are pictures made an integral part of the text? Do the illustrations extend the text? Do they provide clues? What medium has illustrator used? How has illustrated used line, shape, color, etc. to extend meaning? How does the title page anticipate the story to come? General guidelines Myths: about gods and creation of things Legends: Folktales: stories handed down over the years, simple plot/characters, variation from one telling the next Common features Plots: short and simple Action: fast-paced Characters: good or bad Settings: “long ago in a land faraway” Literary style: “once upon a time” and the number 3 7
Themes: good over evil, powerless overcoming powerful, providing explanations Endings: they live happily ever after Evaluating traditional literature Is there a citation of the original source? Is the plot simple and direct? Is the language lively and engaging and in keeping with the oral tradition? Does a theme emerge? What is the message or moral? Do illustrations add to and extend the story? Does the story represent cultural norms or are they rewritten? Fables Brief tales Animals speak as human beings Animals as characters not personal; merely represent aspects of human nature Usually a maximum of 3 characters Myths “explanations of the earth, sky, and human behavior” Some offer an explanation Epic and legendary heros An extended story about human adventures or heroism recounted in many episodes, some epics are told in verse Cultural or national hero embodying all the ideal characteristics of greatness in his time The Bible as Literature Important for children to know the spiritual and religious beliefs of their culture “a written record of peoples continuing search to understand themselves and their relationships with others as their creator” Parallel stories from the bible and stories of other cultures Modern fantasy 8
The body of literature I which the events, the settings, or the characters are outside the realm of possibility Point of view Example of poem, a picture book, traditional literature (modern or science fiction), contemporary/realistic fantasy, write a summary, then talk about the different elements, classify what type of fantasy it is, the author and title and year it was published. Elements of realistic fiction Characters Setting Plot Theme Traditional literature Determine grade level select appropriate grade-level standards Determine genre what features of that genre would you teach? Think about in-class activities would you read aloud or give the students their own copies or could you use a literacy circle Sept 27 and vocab find different ways to use in-class activities Find 5 vocab words and how you would teach them Think about how you would use it to make connections with other curriculums 9
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- Fall '12
- Poetry, Teddy bear, Anchor standards