Returned to Vienna in 1795 produced oratorios Masses string quartets and taught

Returned to vienna in 1795 produced oratorios masses

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Returned to Vienna in 1795: produced oratorios, Masses, string quartets, and taught Beethoven Other Classical Chamber Music and Solo Keyboard Music • Joseph Haydn String Quartet in Eb Major, op. 76, no. 6. Piano Trio in G Major, Hob. XV: 25. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quartet in C Major, K. 456. String Quartet in D Major, K. 575. Master Musicians of the Ikuta-ryu Cherry Blossom Cherry Blossom Koto A Japanese plucked zither Focused, penetrating sound (few harmonics/overtone partials) Originally played for nobles; later a popular instrument Different techniques of playing koto exist; schools of playing known as ryu An oral tradition: kanji notation is inexact The Koto This Japanese zither has moveable bridges to tune each of its 13 strings; it is plucked with plectra worn on the player's right hand.
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Cherry Blossom Playing the koto 13 bridges across the board, adjusted during tuning section Player wears 3 ivory plectra to pluck strings Left hand presses or pulls strings to left of bridge to change the pitch up or down Sometimes both hands pluck strings as in Cherry Blossom Cherry Blossom Sakura = "Cherry Blossom" Extramusical associations—like program music The cherry blossom is beautiful but short lived Represents the cycle of life Theme and Variations Form Not related to Haydn's theme and variations Folk melody is used as the theme Cherry Blossom Form: Prelude: performer tunes instrument Theme = three phrases in "in" mode (sorrowful sounding, pentatonic scale)—ABC 6 variations on the three phrases, using various plucking and strumming techniques Improvisatory passage before the final variation Yuki Yamada Plays the Japanese Koto Cherry Blossom Geisha: "Art Persons" Paid performers with high levels of skill in musical performance, dancing, and tea ceremony Play traditional instruments, especially koto and shamisen (plucked lute like a banjo) Education takes many years; a form of indentured servitude Single females Retire if they marry Joseph Haydn Symphony no.102 in B-flat Major Symphony no.102 in B-flat Major
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One of Haydn's 12 London symphonies In the context of the aftermath of the revolution: Ideals of liberty, equality, personal freedom, fraternity Some heard this symphony as mirroring those ideals Bringing together the public Diverse instruments combing to create an all- encompassing whole: “sounding together” The Symphony Symphony: Musical Genre begun in the Classical Era— usually 3 or 4 movements: “voices together” Still written today in a variety of configurations (UKSO’s recent premiere of Pasatieri’s first symphony) Typical 4-movement configuration 1st movement: fast tempo; sonata form 2nd movement: slow tempo, commonly sonata, theme and variation, or ABA form (contrasting key) 3rd movement: minuet and trio—dance form in triple meter 4th movement: fast and lighter than 1st movement; sonata or rondo form The Symphony The Classical Orchestra Also called "chamber orchestra" Strings : 8-10 first violins, 6-8 second violins, 4- 6 violas, 3-4 cellos, 2 double basses Winds : 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets, 2 French horns Percussion : timpani (kettle drums) A wide variety of timbres available by using different combinations of these instruments Symphony no.102 3rd Movement
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