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chemicals in batteries while they are incorporated in plant •fuel, oils or coolants in a container that is fitted to a vehicle, vessel or aircraft, mobile plant, appliance or other device, where the fuel, oils or coolants are intended for its operation •fuel in the fuel container of a domestic or portable fuel burning appliance where the quantity of fuel does not exceed 25 kg or 25 litres •hazardous chemicals in portable fire-fighting or medical equipment for use at a workplace. 10.2Storage of goods or material Proper storage of goods is important in the prevention of workplace accidents. Never store them on stairs, platforms or floors as these areas must be kept clear at all times, to ensure a safe passage in the event of an emergency. Storage of material must include –a)The storage shelving should be strong, secure and not overloaded. b)The item should be stored upright, particularly when storing batteries. c)Heavier items or fragile components should be stored on the bottom shelves or steel rack. d)Items should not protrude out from the shelves/steel rack. e)The shelving/steel rack should be organised to allow easy access. f)The storage instructions provided by the manufacturer should be followed. Figure 44: Goods stored in automotive workshop
Follow safe working practices in an automotive workplace56 g)Material should be stored correctly in the place labelled as dangerous goods area. h)Tools and equipment should be correctly stored in the designated areas. Damage to tools and equipment may lead to a decrease in production, increased costs and inconvenience to the customer, and expensive cost of repairs/replacement for the workshop. 10.3Handling and storing the flammable substances Flammable substances cause fire hazards and must be properly stored. Storage procedure includes –Figure 45: Storing flammable substances a)Dangerous tools and equipment should be stored in an appropriate sealed and labelled container. b)Protective clothing must be worn when handling and storing dangerous goods. c)A register of dangerous substances stored should be maintained. d)The storage area must be fire proof and with proper ventilation. e)Make sure a fire extinguisher is always present in the storage room. 10.4Handling and storing hazardous chemicals Isocyanates are chemicals used to make polyurethane paints, sealers, adhesives and lacquers. Isocyanate fumes are invisible but can smell the fumes when they reach the safe limit. It is important that when working with paints and lacquers the correct safety equipment is worn and that you are familiar with the emergency and first aid procedures. The code of practice that deals with isocyanates should also be consulted.
Follow safe working practices in an automotive workplace57 Isocyanates cause many hazards which are mentioned below along with their first aid treatment.