3 significant resolutions were introduced that increased the visibility and divisiveness of the global media issueoFirst being related to the rapid development of direct broadcast satelliteDBC allowed media outlets to transmit their messages directly to receiving sets throughout the world This is opposed to prevent widespread of different medias, essentially being free press as there is no way to actually monitor itoRegional meetings of experts to discuss national communication policiesReceived unanimous support, first meetings were held in Latin AmericaoContentious resolution, USSR sought to acknowledge both the right and the responsibility of national governments to control the media messages available to their citizenryResolution failed it attracted many peripheral nations, which did not want to support superpower nations The Non-Aligned Movement -in 1973 a summit meeting of foreign ministers of non-aligned countries happenedoThe world super powers (USA and Soviet Union) wanted to created a third option to reflect independenceoMany of the policy positions postulated sought to overcome the consequences past colonization
-A series of non-aligned conferences followed in different countries essentiallydiscussing transitional communication-The major issue was cultural imperialism, asserted that the theory of free flow information was really a rational for one-way flow oOnce again – anti western rhetoric escalatedMeetings in Latin America-The major issue from these chats were the relationship between communication policies and the economic, social, and cultural development, and the role of government -Debates were creating a momentum for a major international conference focusing on media-Global information flows and media policies dominated the debate at UNESCO just as education had done in 1960sThe 19thUNESCO General Assembly, Nairobi, 1976-This vital role of information and the debate about how to promote development through information policies was the focus-The major document created in Nairobi was “Draft declaration of Fundamental Principles Governing the Use of the Mass Media in strengthening Peace and International Understanding and in combating War, Propaganda, Racialism and Apartheid” -A compromise was reached, mainly behind scenes, to shelve the draft declaration and to reduce pressure among the peripheral nations and non-align militants by forming a new groupNew International Economic Order-The uprising made for a major shift and that placed pressure for changes to enhance the development opportunities of peripheral nations. (Fall of 1978)-Despite all actions no economic development for peripheral nations actually occurred -OPEC (originally founded in Baghdad in 1960) was able to develop from discovery of oil-The anti-colonial rhetoric of the new order was harsh – racial discrimination, media imagines, cultural imperialism, violations of human rights were all subject to severe criticism The Debate of the Earnest-
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