Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability

Mental disorders are usually associated with

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behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability in social, occupational, or other important activities . An expectable or culturally approved response to a common stressor or loss such as the death of a loved one, is not a mental disorder. Socially deviant behavior (e.g., political, religious, or sexual) and conflicts that are primarily between the individual and society are not mental disorders unless the deviance or conflict results from a dysfunction in the individual , as described above Clinical – has to go through the doctor, clinical process Associated with significant distress or disability o Distress = mental pain Sadness is different from depression – depression is a clinical term There is a standard for behavior that’s meant to guide or regulate behavior – breaking those norms does not necessarily mean it’s a mental disorder o Deviance is not a mental disorder unless the deviance or conflict results from a dysfunction in the individual Three groups of people with mental health problems/mental distress Acute mental health problems following stressful events o Acute – short-term, predictable beginning, middle, and end
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o Examples of stressful events: death, loss of job o Could meet criteria of mental disorders Acute mental health problems can be more severe/chronic conditions o Examples of chronic conditions Serious chronic mental diseases that involves significant functioning ability o Only affects a small percentage, but has the most cost group needs a wide variety of services, long-term/lifetime of services o SPMI – Severe and Persistent Mental Illness o SMI – Serious Mental Illness
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