Then the team needs to determine what will limit or infuence the project work

Then the team needs to determine what will limit or

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 53 pages.

- Then the team needs to determine what will limit or infuence the project work Reasons to defne scope - Is an important part of project planning because all other planning is based on the project scope - Is vital in preventng scope creep - Scope creep occurs for 2 reasons - If the scope is not clearly defned and agreed upon it is easy to add additonal work without realising it will require more tme and resources - Sometmes a customer asks for the project to have an additonal output and the person performing the project agrees How to defne scope - List deliverables and acceptance criteria - Final deliverables – Requirements elicited from the customer - Intermediate deliverables – Things that need to be developed while making progress - Establish project boundaries - Project team members need to know which tasks should be executed and which need not be executed - First part is to decide which features and work elements are included - Second part is to manage expectatons regarding any project - Create a scope descripton - This descripton briefy states the work that needs to be accomplished to create project deliverables Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) - Uniform, consistent and logical method for dividing the project into small manageable components - Project planning tool that is defned as the concept of hierarchical decompositon for transforming the project scope into deliverable work elements at the highest level Why use a WBS - Encourages a systematc planning process - reduces the omission of key project elements - Simplifes the project by dividing it into manageable units - Diferent WBS formats - Indented outline format Downloaded by Shaun Mlangeni ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3347332
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- Org chart format - Free format Downloaded by Shaun Mlangeni ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3347332
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How to construct a WBS - Identfy major deliverables - The team defnes the project deliverables by reviewing the project planning completed thus far - The team members review the project charter, requirements traceability matrix and scope statement to defne the projects major deliverables - Rolling wave planning is a planning technique where once the near-term work is complete the next phase of the project is planned in detail, it is an iteratve process - Deliverable-basis planning mode – the project is divided into individual distnct components that ultmately comprise the project - Decompose deliverables - A method of dividing the project scope into many parts that when combined would consttute the project deliverable - It is the process of breaking down the project scope untl it has been divided into manageable, discrete and identfable components requiring simple tasks to complete - Contnue untl deliverables are the right size - At this point the WBS has been formed and can be reviewed for completeness - Once it has been determined to be complete the team can ask if the deliverables at the lowest level need to be divided further for planning and control - Review - Several things need to be considered to ensure that the WBS is structured properly
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