Not only the quality of the air, but also the quality of waters and the condition of land environment contributes to the decision of starting and carrying out an analysis of the port activities impact on the environment and the quality of human life. 4.2. ECONOMIC PREMISES Over the past 10 years, China estimates spending amount for the disposal of pollution effects to be about 175 billion Euros, although the pro-ecological spending represents a small percentage of these costs. The vast majority of this amount includes costs of air and soil cleaning and costs of medical treatment of the people, compensation and indemnities for lost health and costs of insurance. The increase of pollution costs is growing faster than the gross domestic product. The growth of GDP amounts to about 10% comparing to 14% increase of pollution. From the economic point of view, the Chinese economy geared towards the promotion of economic growth, effectively ignores an obligation to run the policy of pollution elimination and above all its prevention. Even with the assumption of limited greenhouse gases emission, increased degree of using renewable energy sources, the reduction of pollution costs in 2015 was only by few percent. However, from the point of view of the economic development and the incorporation of the national pro-ecological policy to the global activities, China is placed in the position of the country seeking to change quickly the present state of environmental destruction . 4.3. ECOLOGICAL PREMISES In recent years the Chinese government has intensified its pro-ecological activities. The point of reference was to achieve till 2015 the reduction of pollution by about 8-10%. The so-called five- year plan assumed that till the end 2015 the guidelines would be introduced and enforced to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrogen and nitric oxide . The assumptions of the above plan were expected to reduce the emission of SO 2 and ChZT by 8%, and also to reduce the emission of nitrogen and ammonia nitric oxide NOx by 10%. In addition, they assumed that there will be achieved a reduction of CO 2 emission per unit of the gross domestic product by 7% (the reduction of CO 2 is measured in relation to GDP growth). For the past 40 years, the above mentioned factors have contributed in areas around the port to the formation of smog which systematically reduces visibility by about 0.3km every year. For reference, it should be noted that the average visibility, (the visibility distance) was 5,4km in 2008, and only about 3.7km in 2014. The fog, defined as an atmospheric thickening through dust, smoke, fumes resulting from the mixing of solid and liquid particles in the atmosphere, is a result of not only port activities but also industrial and non-industrial activity of the people. In this respect, the contamination results mainly from anthropogenic sources. In addition, the fog (smog), in locations of regions around the port, is formed by the so-called dust. In 2011, the average dust fall was recorded at the level of 4.62 ton / km 2 per month. Over the years 2010-2012,
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- Summer '20
- Dr joseph